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Politics of the United States
Participation in Government Final Review
Terms in this set (50)
the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government
Defines power of legislative branch
the branch of government that makes the laws.
composed of two legislative bodies
House of Representatives
lower house of congress based on state population
Speaker of the House
the leader of the majority party who serves as the presiding officer of the House of Representatives
term-6 years, number of members-100, requirements- must be 30 and a U.S. citizen for 4 years, duties- represent each state.
President of the Senate
the presiding officer of a senate; in Congress, the vice president of the United States; in a state's legislature, either the lieutenant governor or a senator
Separate committees in Congress for each political party to help members who are running for reelection or would-be members running for an open seat or challenging a candidate from the opposition party.
a legislator appointed by the party to enforce discipline
the part of the Constitution that permits Congress to make any laws "necessary and proper" to carrying out its powers
those already holding office. In congressional elections, incumbents usually win.
the branch of the United States government that is responsible for carrying out the laws
the office of the United States head of state
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
Commander in Chief
The officer who holds the supreme command. In the US, the president is the Commander in Chief
persons appointed by a head of state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers
system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials - non elected government officials
Federal regulatory agencies that are independent, thus not fully under the power of the president. Ex. Federal Trade Commission, Securities and Exchange Commission.
the branch of the United States government responsible for the administration of justice
the judge who presides over a supreme court: no term
Total of 9 judges that sit on the supreme court. They have the final word on state law
Rights possessed by persons who are arrested by the police. (Remain silent, Attorney, etc.)
Plessy vs. Ferguson
(1896) The Court ruled that segregation was not discriminatory (did not violate black civil rights under the Fourteenth Amendemnt) provide that blacks received accommodations equal to those of whites.
Brown vs. Board of Education
1954- court decision that declared state laws segregating schools to be unconstitutional. Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
This amendment freed all slaves without compensation to the slaveowners. It legally forbade slavery in the United States.
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
Ban on sale, manufacture, and transport of alcoholic beverages. Repealed by 21st amendment
gave women the right to vote
Amendment which ended the Prohibition of alcohol in the US, repealing the 18th amendment
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.
powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive a enforcing the law, and the judiciary interprets the law.
votes held to decided who the government should be, decided on by the people of the nation
organization that tries to influence gov. policy by promoting its ideas and backing candidates for office
electoral contenders other than the two major parties. American third parties are not unusual, but they rarely win elections.
Political Action Committees, raise money for candidates &/or parties
Groups that hire lobbyists to influence lawmakers
persons who do not hold extreme political views
political party that generally stressed individual liberty, the rights of the common people, and hostility to privilege
supporters of the democratic party
Political party that believed in the common people, no government aid for business: favor limited government
supporters of the republican party
to format expression of choice in some matter, often expressed by a written ballot
Recommended textbook explanations
Magruder's American Government (Texas)
Daniel M. Shea
Government in America: People, Politics, and Policy
George C. Edwards III, Martin P. Wattenberg, Robert L. Lineberry
Magruder's American Government
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