Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
Sound for the Stage Final
Terms in this set (65)
A soundcue that acts as an environmental backdrop for a scene, often awash of sound with a loud or distinguishing element that would bring undesired attention to the track.
In a natural sound that is byproduct of digital signal processing. Often undesirable, they are occasionally so unusual,they become a new interesting component.
Lowering the volume
Auto follow cue
The sound cue that a sound operator initiates after another cue without being called by the stage manager. Autofollow cues are often used with a sequence of cues that happen so quickly that it would be impossible for the stage manager to call it.
A track of music or sound that when used with a spot effect or specific musical cue, allows such cues to emerge naturally from the sound mix. With a soft, early-morning ambiance of birds and distant cows mooing as a bed track, a loud rooster crow would emerge out of the ambiance, rather than seeming to pop out of nowhere.
A unit of time, roughly equivalent to one second, used by the sound operators and designer to express how long a cue should be executed
A box designed to hold the items needed to create the sound of an off stage crash
To overlap the fade out of one sound with the fade in of another.
An audio device that processes a sound signal to provide special effects such as reverb and vibrato. Originally used primarily to create a delayed audio signal for rear speakers in a reinforcement setup.
The lowering of pitch of an approaching sound as it passes by.
A distinct repeat or series of repeats of a sound (as opposed to reverb
he pathway of a sound signal as it returns to the mixer from an effects unit such as a digital delay.
The pathway of a sound signal as it moves from the mixer to an effects unit,
Music or sounds played during the intermission of a play.
Boosting or filtering the low, mid, and or high frequencies of a sound in order to make a recording seem more natural, provide clarity, or alter sound so that it seems unusual.
Establish and Fade
A technique used with ambiance whereby the track plays for long enough to create a mood or sense of place, then either faded out gradually or taken out abruptly
The preshow, entr'acte, and curtain call, which acts the bookends of a production. Framing effects exist outside the actual action of a play; they can comment on what will be or has been seen, but function independently of the actors' presentation of the play. Musically, the preshow is a prelude, the entr'acte a bridge and the curtain call a coda or finale.
An instance when shifting a control knob on a piece of sound equipment from 2 to 3 produces a greater effect than does moving the same knob from 1 to 2 or 3 to 4, making setting levels difficult.
A particular piece of music or a specific sound effect that the playwright has indicated in the script.
A repeated section of sound or music. Traditionally made from tape (the ends of the tape spliced together) now most reproduced digitally.
Musical Instrument Digital Interface, a technology by which electronic instruments (synthesizers and samplers), computer, and some signal processing gear can communicate with each other. With MIDI, one keyboard can play other instruments, computers can store sequences of notes that can be accessed by a keyboard, or a reverb unit can be adjusted quickly and consistently.
The balance of 'volume' between simultaneously playing tracks.
Sound processing equipment, such as reverb or equalizer that is not built into a mixing console.
A control knob on a mixing board that allows for moving a sound from one output to another
A working device on stage
A particular piece of music indicated at a certain moment in the script that is played as part of the action onstage or off.
Multiple blended sounds caused by reflections from hard surfaces. It naturally occurs when sound bounces off floors, walls, and ceilings. It can be created using processing equipment
A device that stores sound as digital information. Incoming sounds are sampled thousands of times per second; the sampler stores the information, and can then play the sounds back at a wide range of pitches or with other modification
The tone color that distinguishes the quality / voice of one instrument or singer from another
speed of sound
1,130 feet per sec
speed of sound divided by frequency
relationship of a sound wave of a time zone and degrees
basic sound system
your voice-your microphone-distro paddles-receiver-to the board
the relationship between input and output in regards to amplitude and frequency.
100 hz to 6k hz
about 80 % of speaking will live bellow around 500 hz
1.5 khz and up
2-5 in cone
is a special kind of positive loop gain which occurs when a sound loop exists between an audio input (for example, a microphone or guitar pickup) and an audio output (for example, a power amplified loudspeaker).
The frequency of a sound wave is the number of wave lengths or cycles which are produced in one second of time
One having twice or half the frequency of vibration of the other
pressure of sound
Sound level is usually defined in terms of something called Sound Pressure Level (SPL). SPL is actually a ratio of the absolute, Sound Pressure and a reference level (usually the Threshold of Hearing, or the lowest intensity sound that can be heard by most people).
A unit of measurement used to indicate audio power level.
measurement is used to measure both the intensity of sound in air and electrical signals as well
Threshold of hearing
The lowest-level sound detectable by a listener with good hearing.
is the process of adjusting the balance between frequency components within an electronic signal
The amplitude range of a sound from its softest to its loudest.
Balanced audio is a method of interconnecting audio equipment using balanced line.
It allows for the use of long cables while reducing susceptibility to external noise
1/4 inch unbalanced
An unbalanced cable consists of two connectors with two conductors each, connected by two wires inside the cable—a signal wire and a ground wire
A plug and socket for a coaxial cable. They are found on all old audio/video devices and many new ones that continue to support analog signals.
In electronics, high impedance means that a point in a circuit (a node) allows a relatively small amount of current through, per unit of applied voltage at that point. High impedance circuits are low current, high voltage, whereas low impedance circuits are the opposite
In a dynamic microphone, a moving coil in a magnetic field to generate electricity.
Two types of dynamic microphones are the moving coil and ribbon. (Moving coil mics are typically referred to as dynamic mics, while ribbon mics seem to be called ribbon mics.)
Dynamic mics also have a pronounced presence peak that gives the sound an edge or punch."
Is a microphone that uses a capacitor to convert the compression and rarefaction of sound waves into electrical energy.
DC power (48V) supplied to condenser microphones by a preamplifier close to the microphone, necessary due to the extremely high impedance of the microphone, via the signal wiring of the microphone. .
Subwoofers are designed to reproduce a band of frequencies below 30Hz level
are designed to reproduce a band of frequencies above 30Hz level
The decaying reflection of sound within an enclosed space after the original sound has stopped is referred to as reverb.
The decrease in amplitude when a vibrating force has been removed
Is an audio effect which records an input signal to an audio storage medium, and then plays it back after a period of time
The repetition of sound caused by reflection from the surface of an object
Allows you adjust the audio level output on a console/mixer
Lavaliere microphones (Lavs)
Tie/clip-on microphones that are mounted on a shirt or "tie". These will pick up sound in more than one direction.
A microphone that does not need to be plugged in to a cord. The mic transmits the sound via radio waves
hand held mic
Microphones you either hold or place on a stand...for example when singing on stage
Shot gun mic
A microphone designed to pick up sound only directly in front of it; usually long and similar to the barrel of a shotgun.
A microphone which is attached to a long pole...acts as an extension
Sound Pressure Levels
pistol 140 dB, Siren 130 dB, threshold of pain 120 dB, rock music 110 dB, film scoring 100 dB, street traffic 90 dB, cabin of jet aircraft 80 dB, average conversation 70 dB, average home (night) 50 dB,
and quiet auditorium 40 dB
You"re doing great keep studying
Sets with similar terms
SOUND DESIGN VOCABULARY
Audio Production Midterm Review
FILM: Chapter 9: Sound
Sets found in the same folder
Principles of Audio Systems
AV Technik 2 Akustik
AV Technik 11 Audio-Produktion
Recommended textbook solutions
Tonal Harmony, Workbook
Byron Almen, Dorothy Payne, Stefan Kostka
Dorothy Payne, Stefan Kostka
Byron Almen, Dorothy Payne, Stefan Kostka
Dorothy Payne, Stefan Kostka
Other Quizlet sets
Written Permit Test
Micro Final Ragu
Biology Exam 2
True or False: Harry Nyquist proved the digital sample rate must be at least twice the highest recorded frequency.
What are the three stages of amplifiers?
Is it possible to patch directly from an insert send to a multitrack send? If so, does the channel fader then affect the level to the multitrack? Why?
what is the most sensitive microphone?