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Chapter 4 - The Spread of Islam Study Guide

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Which leader unified Arabia into a Muslim state through battle?
Abu Bakr
After Muhammad's death, the tittle given to Islam's highest leaders was
Caliph
Which is the best prediction of what might have happened if the Berbers had kept fighting the Muslims?
Muslims rule would have spread more slowly in North Amercia
Muslim merchants could trade with people in many different ares because
Arabia was at a crossroads location
Why did the Abbasids reorganize the government?
to make it easier to rule their large regions
Which of the following areas was now conquered by the Muslims during the 600s?
Spain
Tolerance was?
the Muslim practice of accepting other people's religious beliefs.
Which of the following did the Arabs copy from the Persians?
their form of government burrenucracy
In what way were Cordoba and Baghdad similar?
they were both centers of the culture and learning
What can you infer about how the scholars at Cordoba's university influenced the spread of Islam?
they helped it by translating writing in Muslim world
What was the most important factor in the spread of Islam from the 600s to the 1600s?
conquering non-muslims
The exchange of beliefs and customs between the Muslims and the people they conquered caused what?
Religious tolerance because they are accepting their lifestyle/ religion belief choices.
Their cultures to blend
In what way did the practice of tolerance affect the Jewish people of Cordoba?
They were able to contribute to the city's cultural growth
In what way were the effects of treade and tolerance on the Muslim world similar?
they both allowed other cultures to influence Muslim
Janissaries were what
slave soldiers in the Ottoman army
Which Ottoman leader became known as "the Conqueror"?
Mehmed II
During Suleyman I's rule, the Ottoman Empire
took control of the Eastern Mediterranean and parts of Europe
Which of the following best describes the Ottoman Empire between 1453 and 1566?
It greatly expanded its power and territories.
"I am committed to this action; God and the Immaculate Imams are with me, and I fear no one." In the above passage, Esma'il is referring to his
decision to make Shiism the official religion of his empire
What was the most important difference between the Sunni and the Shia?
the shia thought that caliph had to be related to Muhammad
The leader of the Safavid Empire was called the
shah
Which of the following best summarizes ´Abbas's influence on the Safavid economy?
He helped it by encouraging the manufacture of traditional products.
Akbar's tolerant religious policy helped
to unify the Mughal Empire
Which of the following best describes how the Ottoman Empire and the Mughal Empire were similar?
They both were blends of different cultures.
Which of the following is true of the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires?
They tried to expand their territory through warfare.
After failing to establish an empire in Central Asia, where did Babur succeed in 1526?
India
Which of the following was the key reason the Mughal Empire collapsed?
Its tolerant religious policies were changed and the people revolted.
In terms of importance to the spread of knowledge in the Islamic world, which would you rank first?
The scholars all understood Arabic.
Arab scholars used the astrolabe
to figure out their location on earth.
Who wrote a medical encyclopedia that was translated into Latin and widely used throughout Europe?
Ibn-Sina
Muslim calligraphy was a combination of
Art And Literature
What significant geographical discovery did al-Idrisi make?
Land did not go all the way around the Indian Ocean.
Al-Khwarizmi's book about al-jabr was significant because it was the
foundation for modern algebra
Ar-Razi
discovered how to diagnose and treat smallpox.
The Sufism movement was a reaction against
the interest of Muslims in worldly things.
Minarets were used to
call muslims to prayer
In what way did mosques change as the Muslim world grew richer?
They became more elaborately decorated.
Who was one of the most famous Sufi poets?
Omar Khayyám
Which of the following is true of Muslim art, architecture, and science?
They were all influenced in some way by the Muslim religion.
Which of the following was not true of Muslim calligraphy?
It was used in captions for paintings.
What was the title given to Islam's highest leaders after Muhammad's death?
Caliph