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Stress Management Exam #3
Terms in this set (31)
What is the definition of yoga?
"union" of the mind, body, and spirit
The physical training of a yoga session includes what two aspects?
physical balance and postures
The mental training of a yoga session includes what two aspects?
relaxation and meditation
The definition of physical training (yoga)
gentle stretching movements designed to bring balance to the entire body
The definition of mental training (yoga)
complete mental attention to each movement to the exclusion of everything else
What postures are involved in physical training?
asanas (series of body positions), muscular flexibility, pranayama (breathing control)
The moral training in yoga (Hindu Philosophy) says what?
do no harm to yourself or others
What are the three objectives of a yoga session?
breathing, learn sequencing of the various postures, techniques, breathing, and regular practice
What is the most popular type of yoga in the U.S.?
What are the 3 concepts of Hatha Yoga?
the art of breathing, conscious stretching, and balance
What does Hatha Yoga include?
- sequences of asanas, one after another
- combine breathing, concentration, and asanas
- may include meditation
Yoga is for what type of growth?
personal ("be your best self")
In yoga, one should find their physical limits of _____________ in a given pose and move through that ______________
What are some health and wellness benefits of yoga?
improves flexibility, builds strength, increases muscle tone/definition, improves balance, supports joint health, prevents back pain, teaches better breathing, fosters mental calmness, reduces stress, increases self-confidence
As a relaxation technique, T'ai Chi is best described as what?
moving meditation (constant movement/gradual, coordinated movements)
How does the Chinese view of health differ from the Western view?
the Chinese view is based largely on a balance of opposites (yin and yang, nothing and everything)
T'ai Chi is based on the principle that wholeness can only be achieved by combining
yin and yang
What are the four basic principles of T'ai Chi?
fasting the heart, Wu-wei, return to nature, winning by losing
Wu-wei is a term to describe what?
acting without physical force
The similarity between T'ai Chi and Hatha yoga is that they both ...
unite the body, mind, and spirit
T'ai Chi has been shown to be effective toward the treatment or relief of what?
the softest, least destructive of the martial arts
Research using Qigong has revealed significant results with what?
hypertension, stroke, and cardiovascular efficiency
What does Namaste mean?
"Dancing without a partner" describes which stress relief technique?
In T'ai Chi, one should move with, rather than against, the flow of what?
In exercise, what is it called when a person makes a conscious effort to maximize the health effects of daily activities?
What is the definition of behavior modification?
a therapeutic process designed to replace an undesirable behavior with a more desirable behavior
What are the two major components of behavior modification?
- a POSITIVE goal
- a very specific behavior substitute (I will do Y instead of X)
What picture was used in class to describe behavior modification?
a lady climbing a ladder
What are the 6 stages of behavior modification? (WRITE OUT)
1. Awareness (realize that you think or behave in a manner that you want to change)
2. Desire to change (motivation to change becomes greater than the benefits of the existing behavior)
3. Cognitive restructuring (changes in perception and attitudes that must accompany behavior change)
4. Behavior substitution (specifying what new behaviors you wish to adopt, expressed as a specific positive goal)
5. Bounce back from setbacks ("relapse"/falling back on old
behaviors for a while is part of the process and not
an indication of failure)
6. Evaluation (analysis of the new behavior to determine if the desired results are being achieved)
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