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Strength and Conditioning Exam 1
Terms in this set (20)
study of human movement, study of muscles as they are involved in the science of movement. anatomical, physiological, psychological, and biomechanical. Both skeletal and muscular structures involved.
Application of mechanics to biological systems, more specific than kinesiology
structure of the body, focus on structure. Ex: study of biceps brachii.
Body components necessary to achieve goal, focus on function, ex: analysis of bicep curl.
flat surfaces. (2D).
lines that intersect at a right angle.
Mid cardinal planes
intersect at the center of mass
Axes of rotation
- points about which movement occurs
- perpendicular to planes of motion
planes positioned at right angles.
Vertical plane that divides the body into medial and lateral or left and right parts. (commonly flexion and extension).
Vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior or front and back parts. (commonly abduction and adduction).
Horizontal plane that divides the body into inferior and superior or top and bottom parts. (commonly rotation movements, and polar or vertical axis).
Diagonal planes of motion (lower body) Low diagonal
lower limbs at the hip joints. Example: Kickers and Punters.
A joint action that is performed by the muscles that cross that joint.
A joint action that is performed by no intrinsic muscle activity.
Joint action performed against an external resistance.
Open Kinematic/Kinetic Chain (OKC)
Motion of one joint independent of others
Distal segment free to move
Closed Kinematic/Kinetic Chain (CKC)
Motion at one joint influences all others
Distal segment fixed
Scientific study of joints.
combination movement that includes flexion, extension, abduction and adduction (the fundamental movements).
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