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History Final Exam
Terms in this set (99)
Triangle Factory Fire
123 women working the factory died; died due to fire and had no sage way of exiting the factory
Upton Sinclair and "The Jungle"
Exposed harsh conditions of the meatpacking industries in cities
American suffragist and feminist fighting for voting rights and no sex discrimination
Booker T Washington/WEB DuBois
People fighting against racism in the 1960s
Abstinence from alcohol
What were the MAIN causes of WW1 (MANIA)?
What were some of the new technologies of WW1?
Machine guns; chemical weapons; tanks and airplanes; submarines; radios and phones
When neither side wins
How did the Treaty of Versailles lead to World War 2?
Made Germany pay for war and put the blame on them and made Germany angry
The Red Scare
Accusations of people being communists
Sacco and Vanzetti
Two Italian immigrants who were wrongly charged of robbery
Nativism (and the rise of the KKK)
Blaming immigrants for social problems
Women pursuing fun and going against societal norms instead of raising kids
What were the consequences of Prohibition?
Stealing Moonshine; crime rose
What were the causes of the Great Depression (both short and long term)?
Decrease in international trade; stock market crashed; bank failures
List the man-made/natural causes of the Dust Bowl
Overplowing and drought
In the Election of 1932, describe both candidate's beliefs on how to handle the Great Depression.
HOOVER: Laissez Faire (lack of government involvement in economy) and rugged individualism
FDR: Expanded role of federal government in the nation's economy
What was FDR's attitude about dealing with the Great Depression? What were his programs?
He lead the people through the Great Depression and created the New Deal
What helped end the Great Depression?
World War 2
The British and French tried to keep peace by giving Hitler what he wanted
Surprise attack by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service
The Allied attempt to win back France from Nazi Germany by landing troops on the French beaches of Normandy
Genocide in which Germans murdered 6 million Jews
The Nazi's the plan to exterminate all Jews
Project making atomic bomb to bomb Hiroshima; put an end WW2
What were Truman's reasons for using the Atomic Bomb?
1. Destroy Japan's ability to make war
2. To end World War 2
3. To hit Japan's military base because they hit ours
What is the Cold War?
Tension between US and Soviet Union
Keeping communism under control throughout the world
Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan
Used to stop the spread of communism and Soviet geopolitical expansion
NATO and Warsaw Pact
Helps stop communism expansion
Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD)
Nuclear stalemate between Soviet Union and US
Accusation of communist in US political roles
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
Americans who spied on behalf of the Soviet Union
American official in the government that was accused of being a Soviet spy
A theory that if one nation comes under Communist control, then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control.
Race to be the first country in space/on the moon
Why was the Berlin Wall built?
To lock up refugees who were trying to escape Berlin and Germany
A young man murdered for whistling at white women (which he didn't do); sparked Civil Rights Movement
Brown v Board of Education
Allows schools to be desegregated
They were the first African Americans in a white school
Martin Luther King Jr.
A very important influential man who helped blacks/African Americans
Montgomery Bus Boycott
No African Americans would use public transportation for two years as a fight for civil rights
Used as a boycott for not allowing African Americans in certain restaurants
March on Washington
Signified the want for freedom and equality for African Americans
Important and intimidating man who lead the African American movements
Black Panthers (beliefs)
Black movement group who felt they were at war with the whites and felt they deserved the same rights and freedom as the whites
Bay of Pigs
In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The 1962 confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba.
Alliance for Progress
a program in which the United States tried to help Latin American countries overcome poverty and other problems
The campaign program advocated by JFK in the 1960 election. He promised to revitalize the stagnant economy and enact reform legislation in education, health care, and civil rights.
President Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society. In 1965, Congress passed many Great Society measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
Medicare and Medicaid
Great Society programs to have the government provide medical aid to the elderly (Medicare) and the poor (Medicaid).
What was the belief that if one nation falls to communism, others will follow?
What was napalm? What was agent orange?
Define Guerilla Warfare
Why was the war in Vietnam difficult to fight for the soldiers?
US soldiers weren't properly equipped to deal with it
What was the name of the attacks that occurred on the Vietnamese New Year and are considered a turning point in the war?
What happened at My Lai?
Why did Americans protest the Vietnam War?
Because we were fighting a war and losing our men over a war that we didn't need to be involved in
What happened at Kent State?
There was a riot and four young people were killed
Which president pulled the US out of the war?
Why was TV such an important part of this war?
Describe the beliefs of the Counterculture of the late 60s and early 70s. Why did the movement die off?
It was the era of social change
What were the key issues of the Women's Rights Movement?
- Equal rights
- Equal pay
- Roe v Wade
Why was Roe v Wade important?
Supreme Court legalized abortion
What was Nixon's approach in Vietnam? Why was it unpopular?
He wanted to pull troops out of Vietnam, which he did very slowly. It was unpopular because the US were taking a lot of casualties.
Easing of tensions
Define Ping Pong Diplomacy
Relationship between China and the US
First Americans in China and they improved relations and trade
What acts were passed under Nixon that favored the environment?
Series of events
Nixon argued that Daniel Ellsborn was guilty of felony under espionage
Task force to stop release of important information to the media
Committee for Reelection of the President and it was a fundraiser organization with an administration of President Nixon
What unethical activities were CREEP involved in?
What happened at the Watergate hotel?
The phones were tapped
Why were the tapes so important?
Why did Nixon resign?
What was the impact of Watergate on our nation?
What economic problems faced Ford as he became president?
What did Ford do to anger the American public?
What was our biggest crisis in the 1970's?
What types of characteristic made it possible for Jimmy Carter to win the 1976 election?
What was Jimmy Carter's career in politics like before he became president?
What was Jimmy Carter's most important foreign policy achievement?
What led to the Iran Hostage Crisis? How did Jimmy Carter react to the crisis?
How did Carter react to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan?
What was the focus of Reagan and the Conservative Movement?
Less government regulations, lower taxes, and weaken labor
The belief that dramatic tax cuts would help business expand and create jobs
How is Reagan credited with helping to end the Cold War?
He told Gorbachev to tear the Berlin Wall down
How did Reagan support non-communists group abroad? Give an example.
Created the Reagan Doctrine
What did Saddam Hussein do in 1990 to anger other nations and led to war?
He attacked Kuwait
What happened to Bill Clinton's Health Plan?
The idea of it was killed by Republicans
Why was Bill Clinton impeached?
Bill Clinton was impeached for a charge of abuse of power and a second perjury charge
Which president cut spending and had the first surplus in YEARS?
President Bill Clinton
Why was the Election of 2000 contested?
In the 2000 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush was running against Democrat Al Gore. The election was hinged on results from the state of Florida, where the vote was close enough to mandate a recount. The outcome of the election was then ultimately decided by the US Supreme Court in Bush v. Gore.
What is Al Qaeda?
It was a terrorist organization
Why did we go to war in Afghanistan in 2001?
What was the Patriot Act?
What were Barack Obama's achievements in domestic policy?
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