Technique best used six to 12 weeks after wound closure to minimize the risk of adhesions, contracture, hypertrophy or hypersensitivity.
• mobilization orthoses (e.g., applying sub-maximal stretch)
• massage (e.g., graded vibration, manual)
• compression (e.g., gloves, tubular gauze)
• desensitization (e.g., graded touching, textures)
• ROM (e.g., active exercise and passive stretch)
• thermal modalities (e.g., ultrasound, moist heat)