How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

22 terms

Acide Base Balance

STUDY
PLAY
PH
measure of the body fluid's free H+ ion level
Ph 7
is neutral
Normal Ph of the blood is
7.35-7.45
Abnormally Acidic
below 7.35
Abnormally Alkalotic
above 7.45
Below 6.8 or above 7.8
will interfere with cellular functioning and if uncorrected can lead to death
Acids
are proton donors
Bases
are proton acceptors
The ratio of carbonic acid to bicarbonate is
1:20
acidosis is not a disease its a
condition
Buffers
act chemically to change strong acids into weaker acids or bind acids to neutralize their effect
medulla
it controls and regulates blood levels of CO2 and the HCO3 content
Alkalosis
hyperventilation
Acidosis
Hypoventilation
Normal HC03
22-26
Normal PaCO2
35-45
anion gap
is essential in analyzing cause of metabolic acidosis
High anion gap
excessive amount of acid
Causes for normal anion gap acidosis
severe diarrhea and renal failure,excess administration of chlorine
Causes for High anion acidosis
diabetic ketoacidosis, shock, excessive ingestion of alcohol beverages
hyperkalemia
Muscle twitching and burning, oral numbness, weakness, flaccid paralysis
Hypercalcemia
tingling and numbness in the arms and legs