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150 terms

eNGLISH fINALS

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Archaic
No longer used or applicable; ancient
Argot
special words or phrases used by a specific group of people
Connotation
refers to the implied or suggested meanings associated with a word beyond its dictionary definition
denotation
the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression
idiom
an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up
jargon
specialized technical terminology characteristic of a particular subject
pidgin
a simplified form of speech developed from two or more languages
semantics
the study of meaning in language
standard
conforming to the established language used by educated speakers
vernacular
the everyday speech of the people (as distinguished from literary language)
Atlas
a collection of maps in book form
epicure
person with refined taste in food and wine
galvanize
to stimulate to action
jovial
jolly
nemesis
one who inflicts justified or great punishment; a source of harm or ruin
Pyrrhic Victory
a victory that is offset by staggering losses or that comes at a huge price
quixotic
dedicated to unreachable goals; idealistic but not practical
saturnine
gloomy, dark, sullen, morose
Sisyphean
requiring endless effort; without result or success
solecism
a nonstandard or improper use of language
Behold
to gaze at or look upon
discernment
excellent judgement and insight; skill in perceiving
envision
to picture in the mind; to imagine
foresee
to see or know ahead of time
gape
a stare of amazement (usually with the mouth open)
impressionistic
describing a highly personal, individual response to experience
myopia
Lack of planning for the future; shortsightedness
perceptive
marked by understanding or awareness; sharp; sensitive
premonition
a feeling that something will happen in the future; an advance warning
subliminal
below the threshold of conscious thought; not detectable, but able to bring about a response
cessation
a bringing or coming to an end; a halt
commence
to begin
deter
to discourage or prevent from taking action
hamper
to prevent the free movement, action, or progress of
obstruction
something that blocks or gets in the way; an obstacle
preclude
to make impossible or unlikely; to prevent
procrastinate
to delay; to put off
scuttle
to run or move with short, hurried movements; to scurry
subside
to sink to a lower or more normal level; to become less active or intense
thwart
to prevent from taking place; frustrate; block
apologist
a person who speaks in defense of a person, an idea, or a position
dissuade
to discourage from doing something through persuasion
dupe
to take advantage by fooling someone
fallacy
A false belief
imply
to hint; to suggest indirectly
indisputable
beyond doubt or question; certain
infer
To draw a conclusion from evidence
red herring
Something that draws attention away from the main issue
refute
to prove to be false or invalid; to deny the accuracy or truth of
substantiate
to support with proof or evidence; verify
accolade
great praise; an award
adulation
adoration; excessive praise or flattery
anathema
Something or someone that is greatly hated and avoided
commend
to give approval or praise
critique
a detailed review
eulogy
A tribute; spoken or written praise, often given in honor of a person who has died
homage
publicly expressed honor or respect
laudable
Worthy of praise and honor
quibble
To criticize, argue, or raise objections over something unimportant
reproach
to criticize or express disapproval
bland
calming or soothing; not spicy or irritating; lacking flavor
culinary
Of or related to cooking or the kitchen
cutlery
utensils used for eating, such as knives, forks, and spoons
devour
to consume or eat up greedily or enthusiastically
morsel
a very small piece; a small treat
pungent
having a sharp taste or smell
quaff
To drink heartily and deeply
ravenous
extremely hungry
savory
pleasing in taste and smell
simmer
to cook or cook in a liquid at or just below the boiling point.
blight
to have a negative effect on; to ruin
cataclysm
an intense and violent disaster or change
decomposition
the process of rotting, breaking down, or disintegration
eradication
The act of tearing out by the roots
havoc
widespread destruction
mar
To inflict damage or spoil the quality of
obliterate
to wipe out completely
pugnacious
eager and ready to fight
pulverize
to pound, crush, or grind into powder or dust
stagnant
stale and foul because of lack of movement
broach
bring up a topic for discussion
convene
meet formally
debut
first public appearance
embark
To go on board a ship or airplane at the start of a voyage.
generate
to create; to bring into being
incipient
beginning to exist or appear
initiative
a beginning or an introductory step
innovation
something newly introduced or created
novice
a beginner
overture
a piece of music intended to introduce a longer work
devious
meant to trick; shifty
duplicity
deliberate deception
fictitious
False or fake
guile
sly intelligence
gullible
Easily deceived or fooled
hypocritical
giving a false appearance; saying one thing, but doing another
masquerade
v. to wear a disguise; to put on a false appearance
overt
open and observable
reputable
having a good reputation
veracity
truthfulness, accuracy
acme
the highest point of achievement
adept
very skilled
aptitude
natural ability
astute
having good judgement
finesse
to achieve a goal or handle a situation with subtle skill
painstaking
marked by or requiring great care; demanding extended or extreme effort, or diligence
precocious
unusually advanced or talented at an early age
prodigy
a person who shows remarkable talent at an early age; an amazing or extraordinary thing or event
resourceful
effective and imaginative in solving problems; practical
virtuoso
highly skilled artist
idiosyncrasy
an unusual habit of one particular person
innocuous
harmless; unlikely to offend
obstructive
unpleasantly noticeable, bold
orthodox
doing and believing what is commonly accepted.
prevalent
widely or commonly existing or practiced
prosaic
Dull, ordinary
quaint
Charmingly odd, especially in an old-fashioned way
rarity
Something that is very infrequent or scarce
singular
being only one; individual; unique; extraordinary; odd
trite
overused and therefore lacking in interest
appraisal
evaluation of worth
base
Low or inferior in postion
candid
honest frank
criterion
standard judgment
dexterity
skill and grace in physical movement
legitimate
lawful, rightful; reasonable, justifiable
mediocre
Moderate to inferior in quality; ordinary
meritorious
worthy, deserving praise
truism
self-evident truth
validate
to establish or confirm the truth or legality of something
circumlocution
The use of unnecessarily wordy and indirect language
cogent
logical and convincing
discourse
a formal speech or writing
falter
to hesitate or stammer in speech
literate
able to read and write
prattle
To talk foolishly, to chatter
raconteur
a person skilled at telling stories
sophistry
clever arguments that are misleading or incorrect
utterance
something that is said
verbose
using or containing too many words
aficionado
an enthusiastic fan
bravado
false bravery
embargo
a government order preventing trade with another country
flotilla
a small fleet of boats or ships
hacienda
a large estate or ranch; the main house of such a ranch
incommunicado
without a way to communicate
junta
a group of military officers who rule a country after seizing power
peccadillo
a small fault
peon
An unskilled laborer; a farm worker
renegade
an outlaw, rebel, deserter or traitor