Europe in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance
Terms in this set (25)
to stop heresy in the Catholic Church
What was the original purpose of the Spanish inquisition?
the fall of Rome left western Europe without a strong centralized power
Why did the feudal system develop in western Europe?
Which people agreed to be loyal and fight for a lord/noble in exchange for part of the lord/noble's land?
an increase in the wealth of kings
What did the growth of the European economy in the high Middle Ages lead to?
He conquered the Anglo-Saxon kingdom in England in 1066.
Why was William of Normandy referred to as "William the Conqueror"?
it limited the power of kings
Explain the historical significance of the Magna Carta?
the Byzantine Empire
Which empire controlled the Holy land in the 500s AD/CE?
a large territory with a common culture and language
What was/is a nation state?
the manors were self-sufficient communities
Why were people able to live their lives on a Medieval manor without leaving?
the claim by English kings to the throne of France
What was the main cause of the Hundred Years' War?
the struggle by Christians regain control of Spain from the Muslims
What was a main theme of Spanish history between 1200s-1400s?
cannons began to be utilized to attack castles
How did warfare change after the Hundred Years' War?
Aragon and Castile
Which two Spanish kingdoms eventually united?
Which country was ruled by a powerful ruler called a tsar?
serfs could not be bought or sold
Explain the main difference between being a serf and being a slave during the Middle Ages.
the Muslim Arab conquest of the Holy Land
How/why did the Crusades begin?
they no longer had to depend on their lords for their armies
Why did economic growth help kings increase their power?
About what proportion of Europe's 14th century population died as a result of the bubonic plague?
the poor hygienic conditions lead the the spread of disease
How did the dumping of waste and garbage in the streets of cities and towns help spread the bubonic plague?
The disease could be spread without physical contact.
Why did the bubonic plague infect so many Europeans?
the ideas of the ancient world
Renaissance humanists based their main beliefs on...
It changed the way many people thought about the world.
How did the Renaissance change western Europe?
Where did the Renaissance begin?
there were great advancements in European art and science
What was the main result of the Renaissance era?
Muslim scholars had preserved many of the writings of the ancient Greeks and Romans
How did the Muslim world have an important influence on the development of Renaissance ideas?
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