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Europe in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance (Unit Test Study Guide) Gr.6
Terms in this set (25)
What was the original purpose of the Spanish inquisition?
to stop heresy in the Catholic Church
Why did the feudal system develop in western Europe?
the fall of Rome left western Europe without a strong centralized power
Which people agreed to be loyal and fight for a lord/noble in exchange for part of the lord/noble's land?
What did the growth of the European economy in the high Middle Ages lead to?
an increase in the wealth of kings
Why was William of Normandy referred to as "William the Conqueror"?
He conquered the Anglo-Saxon kingdom in England in 1066.
Explain the historical significance of the Magna Carta?
it limited the power of kings
Which empire controlled the Holy land in the 500s AD/CE?
the Byzantine Empire
What was/is a nation state?
a large territory with a common culture and language
Why were people able to live their lives on a Medieval manor without leaving?
the manors were self-sufficient communities
What was the main cause of the Hundred Years' War?
the claim by English kings to the throne of France
What was a main theme of Spanish history between 1200s-1400s?
the struggle by Christians regain control of Spain from the Muslims
How did warfare change after the Hundred Years' War?
cannons began to be utilized to attack castles
Which two Spanish kingdoms eventually united?
Aragon and Castile
Which country was ruled by a powerful ruler called a tsar?
Explain the main difference between being a serf and being a slave during the Middle Ages.
serfs could not be bought or sold
How/why did the Crusades begin?
the Muslim Arab conquest of the Holy Land
Why did economic growth help kings increase their power?
they no longer had to depend on their lords for their armies
About what proportion of Europe's 14th century population died as a result of the bubonic plague?
How did the dumping of waste and garbage in the streets of cities and towns help spread the bubonic plague?
the poor hygienic conditions lead the the spread of disease
Why did the bubonic plague infect so many Europeans?
The disease could be spread without physical contact.
Renaissance humanists based their main beliefs on...
the ideas of the ancient world
How did the Renaissance change western Europe?
It changed the way many people thought about the world.
Where did the Renaissance begin?
What was the main result of the Renaissance era?
there were great advancements in European art and science
How did the Muslim world have an important influence on the development of Renaissance ideas?
Muslim scholars had preserved many of the writings of the ancient Greeks and Romans
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