Identify the source, when and context it was used, and the larger significance in American History
Terms in this set (40)
"A house divided against itself cannot stand."
In debate with Stephen Douglas for an Illinois senate seat; he predicted that one side would overpower the other in Congress.
"The power to tax involves the power to destroy."
McCulloch v Maryland, supremacy of national over state gov, national bank is legal (Federalist, elastic)
"It is at the bottom of life we must begin. not at the top."
Booker T. Washington(1865)
Tuskegee Institute operated onthe principle that AfricanAmericans would be well-advised to seek training in thetrades rather than striveimmediately for social equality
"Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
Supreme Court Justice Warren(1954)
Brown v Board of Education ruling that overturned plessy versus Fergusson's verdict of separate but equal on the basis of fostering pyschological inferiority.
"We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal."
As a part of the grievances of colonials and an inherently American statement. True and honest in ideology, yet dirty and lost when in practice
"A war to end all wars."
Woodrow Wilson (April 1917)
Declaration of war on Germany for WWI meaning that he desired peace that would prevent future catastrophic wars, needless, death and destruction.
"All we ask is to be left alone."
Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy (1861)
Reflected the South's lack of drive to fight. They believed that the North would just let them secede because they lacked the will and/or ability to fight, and their economy was dependant on southern agriculture.
"December 7, 1941 a day that will live in infamy."
Pearl Harbor and the straw that broke the camel's back. This attack on the Hawaiian base required America defend itself against Japanese and forced us to enter WWII.
"I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judge by the color of their skin but by the content of their character."
"I Have a Dream" Speech at the Lincoln Memorial during the1963 March on Washington. Major factor in passage of Civil Rights Act of 1964 and one of the largest televised social movements of the time.
"A law repugnant to the Constitution is void."
John Marshall (1803)
Marbury v Madison- established judicial review, against Adams' midnight judges, states can review laws
"To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers."
Included as a section of the Constitution
Elastic Clause/Necessary and Proper Clause- sets up loose v strict construction (debate causes political parties to form)
"We covenant and combine ourselves into a civil body politic."
Mayflower Compact (1620)
The first document of self-government in the New World
"Fifty-four forty or fight."
James K. Polk(1844)
campaign slogan, that refers to the latitude 54-40, the northern limit of the disputed Oregon territory between America and the British. A testament to manifest destiny
"Free trade and sailors' rights."
War of 1812, impressment of sailors
"You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold."
William Jennings Bryan (1896)
Speech "Cross of Gold" at the DNC where he showed 'his support for free silver. Labor reformist and supporter of the coinage of silver for farm worlers
"God made us neighbors. Let justice make us friends."
"Good Neighbor" Policy, want markets in Latin America and secure our backyard to prevent American front b/c WWII aggression
"And so, my fellow Americans: Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country."
Inaugural address set the theme for a new commitment to America and for citizens to do their part for the country and rely less on the government.
"We must be the great arsenal of democracy."
During WWII, we don't need to fight but we need to supply them, lend-lease. This was a change from isolationism and the Roosevelt Corollary
"With malice toward none, with charity for all..."
Second Inaugural Speech, he reaffirmed the position for reconstruction that the sotuh would be readmitted without malice in hopes of restoring the Union.
"It is our policy to stay clear of permanent a lliances."
George Washington (1796)
A part of his warnings in the farewell address. This concern advises that American be an isolationist nation in its fledgling stages and refrain from being attached to another entity.
"John Marshall has made his decision: now let him enforce it."
Andrew Jackson (1832)
Disagreement with Sumpre Court Justice John Marshall's decision to side with the Cherokee. Lead to the mistreatment of Native Americans in practice but not so much by published legislation.
"Liberty and Union, now and forever. one and inseparable."
The closing statement during his speech in the senate on nullification
"Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute."
The Americans would pay millions of dollars to defend their country, but not 1 cent towards a bribe
"My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union."
Abraham Lincoln (1861)
Primary objective in the Civil War was the preservation of the Union for his legacy
"Peace without victory."
President Woodrow Wilson (1917)
Hopes for ending the war without winners and losers, and without severe punishment of the Triple Entente countries
"Remember the Alamo."
Rallying cry of Texans in their war for independence from Mexico. Though Texas took a while to be annexed to the Untied States as a state, this was a period of time when land disputes were major due to manifest destiny.
"Remember the Maine."
Rallying cry of those in favor of going to war against Spain during the Spanish American War as a result of yellow journalism.
"Speak softly and carry a big stick, you will go far."
Teddy Roosevelt (1901)
Big Stick Diplomacy which meant that you could negotiate first, but you had to back it up with force
"The ideals and traditions of our nations demanded that we come to the aid of Greece and Turkey and that we put the world on notice that it would be our policy to support the cause of freedom wherever it was threatened...."
Harry S. Truman (1947)
Truman Doctrine offering peacetime aid to Greece & Turkey, marked a significant break with George Washington's advice in his farewell address. And enticed the anit-communism sentiment within the nation while promoting deocracy abroad.
"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself."
From the inaugural speech, provided an attempt to disperse the gloom and hopelessness that gripped the nation during the Great Depression
"We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal: that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights."
Declaration of Independence, aired the greivances of the colonists and any violations that percieved buy the royal government.
"The American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subject for future colonization by any European powers."
President James Monroe (1823)
Monroe Doctorine was a declaration of the Monroe to keep Europe out fo the Western hemisphere and recognize the independence of the nations.
"And, by virtue of the power and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within these said designated States and parts of States are, and henceforward shall be free."
Emancipation Proclamation- changed focus of the war (moral justification of slavery), this freed slaves that were not under the hand of Lincoln and allowed buffer states to keep their slaves, hoping to entice southern states back intot he Union.
"We the people of the United States. in order to form a more perfect Union..."
Preamble to the U.S. Constitution 1787 ratified 1789
Promotes overall idea of democracy and unity as a nation to function as one.
"No one can make you feel inferior without your consent."
Eleanor Roosevelt (1935)
Human rights activist; wrote this statement in a newspaper column. Advocate for the rights of minorities (i.e. women, African Americans, and immigrants.)
"Surplus wealth is a sacred trust which its possessor is bound to administer in his lifetime for the good of the community."
Gospel of Wealth: celebrated the benefits that great amounts of accumulated wealth could accomplish for the public; not all were convinced that his treatment of workers was justified by this philosophy of philanthropy
"The advance of the frontier has meant a steady movement away from the influence of Europe, a steady growth of independence on American lines. And to study this advance... is to study the really American part of our history."
Frederick Jackson Turner (1890)
Frontier Thesis, the idea that the common man can improve himself while there is a frontier, but the frontier being closed was better than imperialism
"What hath God wrought!"
Samuel Morse (1844)
Demonstration of the first and memorable message given in front of the public with his telegraph. Opening a new era of invention, technologic advancements, and mass communication.
"Government is not the solution to our problem. Government is the problem."
Ronald Regan (1980)
He was a conservative, wish to scale back social welfare, diminish role of government in idividual lives, and spend money on the armed forces
"Women of the world unite! You have nothing to lose but your vacuum cleaner."
Betty Freedmen (1963)
The Feminine Mystique, against Cult of Domesticity; the rebel call for women to go out and work if they wanted to. That an entire life shouldnt be chained to the house. This was a part fo the feminist movement.