social relations pt.1

STUDY
PLAY
mere exposure effect
the phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them
this is an important uerm for psych because there needs to be a common wrd to describe the feeling hat comes when being around something increases how much you like it. merely beiny exposed to something multiple times can increase how much you like it. mere=meercat=someone showed me a tv show about meercats then i started liking them after i was exposed to them
passionate love
an aroused state of intense positive absorption in another at the beginning of a love relationship
this type of love is interesting for psychologists to study because it is the type of love that fizzles quickly and is based on obsession rather than comittment
companionate love
the deep affectionate attachment we feel for those with whom our lives are intertwined
this is important to be distingn hed from passionate love becaue the term companionate love is used to describedelationshipsdyhay are bsed off friendship anddcommittment ratherdthan obsession
self disclosure
revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others
when i disclose intimate info (like about my family issues or relationship things) to people it ususally deepens a frienship and is important because itdinstills a sense of trust
altruism
unselfish regard for the welfare of others
I always hear mother teresa being describes as an altruistic figure. she had much regard for the welfare of others. Altruism is the unselfish regard for the welfare of others. unselfish regard for the welfare of other=altruism
John Darley
worked with bibb latane
when will a bystander intervene on behalf of another person? he researched this
Researched the circumstances that determine when a bystander will intervene on behalf of another person
darley= "Oh DARLing let me help you carry your BARLEY" said the man when he saw that the farmer was having trouble carrying so much barley. barley darley
bibb latane
worked with john darley to determine how likely people are to step in to help or act on the behalf of someone especially based on how many people are around
Bibb="let me tie your bibb!" said the waiter to the old man when she saw that he was having trouble with it
this waitress helped the man based on the bystander effect
bystander effect
the tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present
this is an important term because it helps to distinguish the findings in latane and darley's research to determine when someone will interven on the behalf of someone else
kitty genovese
prejudice
an unjustifiable attitude toward a group and it's members
when someone dislikes rich people then automatically dislikes bishops kids and says "that bishops kid is stuck up." based on the assumption that all bishops kids are rich, they are being prejudice against not only bishopians, but also people with money because they are assuming that all rich people are stuck up snobs
stereotypes
a generalized belief about a group of people
like i just described in the last term, someone assuming that all rich people are snobs is making a stereotype toward a group of people
discrimination
in social relations, taking action against a group of people because of stereotyped beliefs and feelings of prejudice.
If in the stereotype before, that person refuses to talk to any bishopian, (group of people) then they are discriminating that type of person which really sucks :(
ingroup
AINT NOBODY MESSIN WITH MAH CLIQUE
a clique
an "us" group that includes people who share a common identity
"oh em gee, stacy just totally said i wasn't in her ingroup because i wouldn't be able to share the common identity of all of them"
this is important because it gives a fancier term to a group like a clique
outgroup
anyone who's not in the clique
the "them"
"oh em gee, now that i'm not in stacy's ingroup i am just another member of the lame outgroup."
important because outgroup is just a fancy term for anybody thats not part of a specific group
ingrou bias
the tendency to favor one's own group
when the jocks judge the nerds for being wimpy and when the nerds judge the jocks for being stupid they both are having thoughts based on their own ingroup bias
scapegoat theory
prejudice provides an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame
i hear this all the time: one friend will say to the other "she's so ugly, oh my god, i don't even know why he goes out with her." but they say this mainly because they are self conscious and also jealous of that girl because they want to go out with the guy
this is known as scapegoat theory
just world phenomenon
the tendency to believe that people get what they deserve and deserve what they getthe belief in karma, good is rewarded, evil is punished
this leads to thoughts like "succesful people are good, poor people are bad"
this happens a lot with teachers
i think teachers will assume that someone who gets all As is a really good person whereas they may assume that a kid who is flunking out of classes is a bad kid, even though it may be the total opposite
equity
a condition where people give and receive about the same amount in a relationship
this is an important term, especially for couples therapy, because it helps to give a name to something that everyone wants in a relationship-equality. no one wants to feel like they're contributing more to a relationship than they're receiving
aggression
any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy.