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12 terms

10.4 Acids Bases & Salts 5th grade

Chapter 10 Lesson 4 Grade 5
STUDY
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pH scale
A tool to measure for acidity and alkalinity, stands for potential for Hydrogen
acid
A substance that tastes sour and turns blue litmus paper red
acidity
The strength of an acid
base
A substance that tastes bitter and turns red litmus paper blue
ion
An electrically charged atom or molecule with unequal numbers of protons and electrons
hydronium ions
Water molecules bond with hydrogen atoms to form an acid that is positively charged (lost an electron)
hydroxide ions
Oxygen and hydrogen bond when in water to form a base that is negatively charged (gained an electron)
alkalinity
The strength of a base
indicators
A chemical that changes color when exposed to certain conditions, useful to identify acids and bases
electrolyte
A substance that forms ions when dissolved in water and conducts electricity
neutralization
The chemical change of an acid and a base into a salt and water
Matthew 5:13
You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled by men.