19 terms

Amendments 13, 14, 15, 19, 24, 26

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Terms in this set (...)

Amendment
A change to the Constitution.
13th Amendment
Abolished Slavery.
14th Amendment
Declared that all persons born in the US were citizenship, that all citizens were entitled to equal rights and their rights were protected by due process.
15th Amendment
Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude.
19th Amendment
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections.
24th Amendment
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1964) eliminated the poll tax as a prerequisite to vote in national elections.
26th Amendment
18 year age and older have the right to vote.
civil rights
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by government officials or individuals.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
1964; banned discrimination in public accommodations, prohibited discrimination in any federally assisted program, outlawed discrimination in most employment; enlarged federal powers to protect voting rights and to speed school desegregation; this and the voting rights act helped to give African-Americans equality on paper, and more federally-protected power so that social equality was a more realistic goal.
Civil Rights Act of 1968
Gave the government a strong legal tool to prevent job discrimination; paved the way for equal employment opportunity.
discrimination
Behaving differently, usually unfairly, toward the members of a different raced group.
Equal Rights Amendment
Constitutional amendment passed by Congress but never ratified that would have banned discrimination on the basis of gender.
literacy test
A test given to people to prove they can read and write before being allowed to register to vote.
poll tax
A tax of a fixed amount per person and payable as a requirement for the right to vote.
prohibit
A law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages.
segregation
In American political discourse, states' rights refers to political powers reserved for the U.S. state governments rather than the federal government according to the United States Constitution, reflecting especially the enumerated powers of Congress and the Tenth Amendment.
suffrage
The Right to vote.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
1965; invalidated the use of any test or device to deny the vote and authorized federal examiners to register voters in states that had disenfranchised blacks; as more blacks became politically active and elected black representatives, it Guthrie jobs, contracts, and facilities and services for the black community, encouraging greater social equality and decreasing the wealth and education gap.
states' rights
According to the compact theory of the Union the states retained all powers not specifically delegated to the central government by the Constitution.
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