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61 terms

Grade 4 American Revolution Study Guide

STUDY
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The French and Indian War happened
BEFORE the Revolutionary War, from 1754 to 1763
The French and Indian War was fought between
the British and the French in North America, over control of the Ohio Valley
The French and Indian War was won by
the British, who went deeply into debt as a result
The colonists believed they had paid their debt in the French and Indian War because
their militia fought, and they used their own supplies
The Stamp Act (1765) taxed colonists on
playing cards, calendars, legal documents, licenses, and newspapers
The Stamp Act was repealed in
1766
The Townshend Act (1767) taxed colonists on
tea, paper, glass and paint
The Townshend Act was partially repealed in
1770
The part of the Townshend Act that was not repealed was
Tea Tax
The Stamp Act and the Townshend Act both resulted in
boycotts
The Boston Tea Party occurred in
1773
What happened during the Boston Tea Party was
colonists dressed as Native Americans boarded a British ship and dumped 300 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor
As a result of the Boston Tea Party
the KIng punished the colonists by blockading their harbor, and issued other Intolerable Acts
Parliament thought the colonists should be governed by
Parliament (England)
The colonists thought they should be governed by
their local assemblies (themselves)
The motto of the colonists about taxes was
"No Taxation Without Representation"
George Washington
Commander in Chief of the Continental Army; provided military leadership
Thomas Jefferson
Chief writer of the Declaration of Independence; provided political leadership
Henry "Light-Horse" Harry Lee
talented and brave cavalry leader for the Continental Army
James Armistead Lafayette
Slave who earned his freedom by spying on the British for the Continental Army
Patrick Henry
Virginia patriot who spoke out against taxation without representation, saying, "Give me liberty or give me death"
Jack Jouett
rode on horseback to Charlottesville, to warn Virginia Governor Thomas Jefferson that the British were coming to arrest him and the other members of the Virginia General Assembly
George Rogers Clark
helped drive the British out of the western frontier
Daniel Morgan
famous sharpshooter who led Virginia sharpshooters into many battles
George Mason
Writer of the Virginia declaration of rights
American Indians fought for which side?
There were some on both sides
1000 African-Americans fought for the
British during the Revolutionary War
5000 African-Americans fought for the
Americans during the Revolutionary War
Some enslaved African-Americans fought in the Revolutionary War because
they were promised freedom
Contributions of women during the Revolutionary War include
care of sick and injured soldiers, cooking and cleaning for soldiers, fundraisers for the army, actual fighting, making ammunition, making socks and shirts for soldiers, taking care of farms and livestock
Patriot
A person who supported the colonists during the American Revolution. Many fought in the Continental Army.
Loyalist
A person who supported the British during the American Revolution
Neutral
Virginians who did not support either side in the war
Boycott
to refuse to buy certain goods; method often used in protest movements
Parliament
the governing body in Great Britain
Liberty
Freedom from being controlled by another government.
Militia
civilians trained as soldiers but not part of the regular army
Import
commodities (goods or services) bought from a foreign country
Export
commodities (goods or services) sold to a foreign country
Blockade
the shutting of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out
The First Continental Congress
wrote a letter to King George demanding that he repeal the Intolerable Acts (1774, after the Boston Tea Party)
The Second Continental Congress
formed the Continental Army and named George Washington commander in chief
The Battle of Great Bridge was fought in
1775
The Battle of Great Bridge was the first
land battle of the American Revolution fought in Virginia
The Battle of Great Bridge was won
by the colonists
The Battle of Great Bridge forced
the British colonial governor to flee from the city of Norfolk
Virginia's Capital was moved to Richmond in
1780
The Battle of Yorktown took place in
1781
The Battle of Yorktown was
the last major battle of the Revolutionary War, won by the Continental Army
At the end of the Battle of Yorktown
the British army under General Cornwallis surrendered to General Washington
The first major victory for the colonists was
the Battle of Saratoga
The Revolutionary War was won by
the colonists, allowing the colonies to break away from English rule
The Declaration of Independence
declared that the colonists were free from England
The Declaration of Independence declared that everyone has the right to
life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
The Declaration of Independence says that the authority to govern does not belong to kings, but to
the people being governed
The Declaration of Independence says that all people are created
equal
The Virginia Declaration
declared that all VIrginians are born with certain rights including Freedom of Speech
The Virginia Declaration was the basis of
the Bill of Rights
The Revolutionary War ended in
1783
The Revolutionary War ended when
the United States, Britain, France and Spain signed the Treaty of Paris
The Treaty of Paris
gave the United States control of the frontier region from the Appalachian Mountains to the Mississippi River, and declared that the United States was a free and independent country