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4 Written questions

3 Multiple choice questions

  1. Fast for at least 8hrs. FPG result less than 110 mg/dL is normal, between 110 and 125 mg/dL imply impaired fasting glucose (IFG), values greater than or equal to 126 mg/dL indicate DM.
  2. Performed in place of OGTT (Oral Glucose Tolerance Test). For patients w/ poor absorption of orally administered glucose. [May have a glucose transporter problem in GI tract].
  3. No fasting required. 50g glucose load. Between 24-28 weeks gestation. If FPG >125mg/dL then GDM confirmed. If Peak plasma or 2hr glucose value >200mg/dL then GDM confirmed.

3 True/False questions

  1. What are the 3 criteria that lead to a diagnosis of diabetes?- Fasting plasma glucose (FPG): 126 mg/dL or higher
    - Plasma glucose 2 hr after 75 g glucose load (2hr PG): 200 mg/dL or higher
    - A casual/random plasma glucose (PG) of 200 mg/dL or higher
    - Confirmation is not required if the patient presents with either a hyperosmolar or ketotic crisis. The criteria apply to both adult and pediatric patients.

          

  2. Two Hour Posprandial Plasma Glucose (2-H PP)Plasma glucose measured 2hrs after 75g glucose load. Value greater than or equal to 200mg/dL indicative of DM if confirmed on another day by either an elevated FPG (above 126) or RPG value (200) or elevated glycosylated hemoglobin A1c.

          

  3. Casual (Random) Plasma Glucose (RPG) AssayIrrespective of last meal or time of day. Glucose result of 200mg/dL or greater in presence of symptoms is presumptive of DM.