4 Written questions
3 Multiple choice questions
- - FPG below 110 mg/dL
- 2h PG below 140 mg/dL
Borderline type includes those who are neither diabetic nor normal types, e.g. IFG or IGT.
-Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT). Glucose level rises higher than 140 but is less than 200.
-Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG).
- 2hrs after 75g glucose load. Correlates to values between 140 and 199mg/dL. Value of less than 140mg/dL are considered normal.
3 True/False questions
Two Hour Posprandial Plasma Glucose (2-H PP) → Plasma glucose measured 2hrs after 75g glucose load. Value greater than or equal to 200mg/dL indicative of DM if confirmed on another day by either an elevated FPG (above 126) or RPG value (200) or elevated glycosylated hemoglobin A1c.
Screening for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) → No fasting required. 50g glucose load. Between 24-28 weeks gestation. If FPG >125mg/dL then GDM confirmed. If Peak plasma or 2hr glucose value >200mg/dL then GDM confirmed.
What are the 3 criteria that lead to a diagnosis of diabetes? → - Fasting plasma glucose (FPG): 126 mg/dL or higher
- Plasma glucose 2 hr after 75 g glucose load (2hr PG): 200 mg/dL or higher
- A casual/random plasma glucose (PG) of 200 mg/dL or higher
- Confirmation is not required if the patient presents with either a hyperosmolar or ketotic crisis. The criteria apply to both adult and pediatric patients.