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Chapter 23 Test (with choices)
Terms in this set (50)
After the Civil War, most Americans' attitude toward foreign affairs was that they
C) gave little thought to foreign affairs.
American attitudes toward Europe in the late nineteenth century were characterized by
B) suspicion of European society as decadent and aristocratic.
Because of the Alabama claims of 1871, the British paid the United States $15.5 million for
D) American ships sunk by Confederate cruisers built in England.
During the Civil War, ________ established a protectorate over Mexico and installed Archduke Maximilian as emperor.
In 1867, the United States purchased Alaska from
The aggressive secretary of state who instigated the purchase of Alaska and pushed his expansionist policies was
D) William H. Seward.
President Grant tried and failed to annex the
A) Dominican Republic.
One reason for growing support for an overseas empire among Americans after the Civil War was the desire to
A) carry out God's will to spread the virtues of the Anglo-Saxon race beyond North America.
Alfred Thayer Mahan argued in the 1890s that national security and prosperity rested on a powerful
Queen Liliuokalani's "Hawaii for Hawaiians" movement led to
C) an American-led coup and the abolition of the monarchy.
Queen Liliuokalani is best described as a(n)
B) determined nationalist.
After the Civil War, America extended its overseas influence and empire in the
C) Pacific and Latin America.
From 1893 to 1898, American expansionists tried to annex the
D) Hawaiian Islands.
President Cleveland's reaction to the possibility of annexing Hawaii was to
A) withdraw the treaty annexing Hawaii from the Senate, but refuse to oust the American revolutionaries by force.
Americans had stronger reasons for extending their influence in Latin America rather than in the Pacific because they
B) were accustomed to protecting American interests in Latin America under the Monroe Doctrine.
In the 1890s a nasty dispute erupted between the United States and Great Britain over
A) the boundary between Venezuela and British Guiana.
An unfortunate effect of the dispute between America and Great Britain over Venezuela's boundary was that it
A) encouraged Americans to believe they could achieve their foreign policy goals by threat and bluster.
Before the Spanish-American War, both Hearst's New York Journal and Pulitzer's New York World tried to increase circulation by
D) publishing tales of Spanish atrocities.
The major issue in the Spanish-American War was the independence of
Faced with public clamor for war with Spain, McKinley
C) refused to panic, but reluctantly and hesitantly sent Congress a war message.
In February 1898 the American battleship ________ mysteriously exploded in Havana harbor.
Around the same time McKinley was sending a war message to Congress, the Spanish
D) ordered troops to end the fighting, but the Cubans began insisting on complete independence.
The leader of the Filipino nationalist forces during the 1890s was
B) Emilio Aguinaldo.
In the first battle of the Spanish-American War, Commodore George Dewey
B) devastated the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay.
The American politician who formed a volunteer unit, the "Rough Riders," and participated in storming San Juan Hill was
A) Theodore Roosevelt.
After the Spanish-American War, heated debates raged over the imperialism of annexing
B) the Philippine Islands.
Expansionists who wished to annex the Philippines seemed most interested in
A) establishing the Philippines as the gateway to Asian markets.
Some anti-imperialists objected to annexing the Philippines because it would
C) be unconstitutional if statehood was not a possibility.
When America refused to withdraw its armed forces, the Filipinos
D) launched a guerilla war against the American forces.
In what became known as the "insular cases" the Supreme Court ruled that
A) Congress was not bound to follow the Constitution in legislating for colonies.
In 1900, the United States insisted that the constitution of ________ grant America naval bases and authorize American intervention whenever necessary to protect life, property, and individual liberty.
Under the Platt Amendment,
B) Cuba was forced to promise to grant naval bases to America and to avoid treaties with any foreign power which might compromise its independence.
Early in the twentieth century, the United States announced that it must "exercise...an international police power" in the Western Hemisphere in the
D) Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.
The United States treated Cuba as a protectorate for approximately ________ years at the beginning of the twentieth century.
The principle architect of America's Open Door policy was
A) John Hay.
The Open Door policy attempted to preserve the chances for American business to enter markets of
The announcement by the United States that it believed in the preservation of the "Chinese territorial and administrative entity" and in "the principle of equal and impartial trade with all parts of the Chinese Empire" was part of the
A) Open Door policy.
At the turn of the twentieth century, the so-called Boxer Rebellion broke out in
According to the "Gentlemen's Agreement" negotiated by Roosevelt in 1907,
D) Japan promised not to issue passports for laborers seeking work in America.
A canal across the Isthmus of Panama was initially started by the
When Panama revolted against Colombia, Roosevelt
C) ordered the cruiser Nashville to Panama to prevent Colombia from subduing the revolution.
In order to build the Panama Canal on the terms he wanted, President Roosevelt intervened militarily to aid the Panamanian revolt against
After recognizing the new Republic of Panama, Secretary Hay negotiated a treaty that gave the United States control over a ten-mile wide Canal Zone for
The most appropriate title for the Thomas Nast cartoon above is
A) "The Open Door Policy."
President ________ called his policy of influencing other countries without actually controlling them "dollar diplomacy."
A) William Howard Taft
American imperialism in the post-Spanish-American War era was
A) short in duration.
American statesmen who pursued a foreign policy of imperialism without colonies
C) genuinely, but incorrectly, believed that they were exporting democracy along with capitalism and industrialization.
The American foreign policy of trying to penetrate underdeveloped areas economically without the problem of governing them was
D) self-defeating because it was not supported by local people.
On the eve of World War I the United States was a
A) world power.
By the beginning of World War I, how did most Americans view their role in the world?
C) They did as they wanted in foreign affairs, unlimited by any rational analysis of the probable consequences.
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