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Quiz 4 (Rowling, Lowry) Children's Literature Shakely
Terms in this set (48)
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone
J. K. Rowling (born 1965) -idea for the book came to her on a train ride in 1990; also in 1990, Rowling's mother dies, deeply affecting themes in book; Rowling starts the book as a single mother, writing when she has time (ex., in a coffeehouse while the baby sleeps); book is published in 1997 in England with original title (Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone), changed for American audiences for publication here in 1998; first in a series of seven Potter books; Rowling is now richer than the queen.
Marked on the forehead with a lighting shaped scar, marked with confrontation between good and bad magic that is caused by the scar which is the standoff between the evil Voldemort and his parents who died to save their son
The Dursleys (esp. Dudley)
They took Harry after his parents died, it is his mom sister, treat Harry with disrespect, He stays in the cuboard of their house
Initially a goody two shoes who studies too much and obeys the school rules to zealously. She eventually becomes friendly with Harry after she learns to value friendship over perfectionism and obedience
A shy modest boy who comes from an impoverished wizard family, Harrys first friend at Hogwarts and lacks gusto and charisma but his loyalty and help are useful to Harry throughout their adventures, hard work is based on talent
He is a student in Harry's year belonging in the Slytherin house. They are frequently accompanied by his two cronies, Vincent Crabbe and Gregory Goyle, who act as henchmen
He is the headmaster of the wizarding school Hogwarts. He is reveled that he is the founder and leader of the Order of the Phoenix
Half giant and half human who is the gamekeeper and keeper of keys and the ground of Hogwarts
He is teacher who is hostile from the start towards Harry. Snakes character becomes more layered and enigmatic
He tries to take over the wizzarding world, connected to the back of Professor Quaills head
Is the scottish wizarding school, located in the Highlands of Scotland. It takes students from Scotland, England, Ireland, Northern Ireland and Wales
It is a person who is born to two non magical parents and is incapable of performing magic. Muggle are not to be confused with Squibs who also lack magic burt are born to at least one magical parent
Harry Potter themes and elements
Challenged for anti-Christian elements (esp. magic); draws on folklore, mythology, alchemy, bildungsroman tradition, and English school novel genre; appeals to all ages
He is apart of Voldemort; he put this in his soul when he was a baby
Number the Stars - Lois Lowry (Newbery Medal)
born (1937) to military family; lived in Japan as a child; lived in a military enclave but secretly rode her bicycle out into Japanese town; became a photographer (photographed artist whose picture is on cover of The Giver); began to write for children at age 40; her constant theme is "the importance of human connections
She lives in Copenhagen, Denmark with her mother, father and young sister Kirsti. Her best friend is Ellen who lives next door to her. She is very tall and thoughtful for her age; unaware of limitations of war
Anamaries schoolmate and best friend, she is jewish. An only child, Ellen is very studious and more serious then her best friend. She wants to be an actress and had the lead role in a school drama.
Mr. and Mrs. Johansen
Annemaries mother she is a strong and determined women firm but warm with her children. Willing to risk her life to help Ellen and the Rosens escape the Nazis. Mr. Johansen is the eldest daughter she died several years before the beginning of the novel around the end of 1941
Mr. and Mrs. Rosen
Mrs.Rosen is Ellen's mother and Mrs.Johansen's friend. The two mothers often have coffee together in the afternoon. She fears the ocean but overcomes it Henrick takes her family across to Sweden. Mr.Rosen is a teacher and has installed in his daughter the importance of education
Annamarie's young sister, five years old and feisty, chatty girl. Completely unafraid of German soldiers and death, embodiment of blissful innocence. She loves stories about kings and queens and is constantly turning the surrealist aspects of war into the fantasy of fairy tales
Mrs.Johansens younger brother, he is a fisherman in the sea town of Gillelege. A bachelor, still lives in the family home where Mrs.Johansen grew up and Annemarie spend her childhood vacations. He saves Ellen and her family smuggling them and other Jews to Sweden in his boat
The eldest Johansen daughter, she died several years before the beginning of the novel, around the end of 1941. Member of the resistance with Peter
Part of the resistance movement, he was engaged to Lise Johansen, the oldest of the Johansen's three daughters, before she died. He visits the Johansen family occasionally, bringing them news and gifts. Annemarie thinks of him as her "almost brother" he gets the Rosens to safety
Lois Lowry Number the Stars
References to fairytales, uses of secrets, knowledge
Lois Lowry (Newbery Medal)
The protagonist, or the main character. Sensitive, polite, compassionate twelve year old boy, selected to become the new receiver of memory, the most honored position in the community. He is non caring; gains wisdom from memories and realizes that people gave up their freedoms for sameness, he becomes angry and frustrated. Develop emotional feelings
The current receiver of Memory and trains Jonas to become the next receiver. Because he carries the burden of the memories of the world, he suffers from the pain contained within the memories. He is lonely because he can't share his work with citizens in the community and he is cynical and frustrated at times because he knows that the people gave up too much when they chose sameness.
Jonas younger sister, she becomes an eight during the December Ceremony that takes place toward the beginning of the book. She is typically impatient child with straightforward, fairly simple feelings.
Gabriel (angel of annunciation; relayer of news)
A new child who begins spending night with Jonas family unit because he needs extra attention and care. He is a sweet child but does not sleep through the night and is not gaining weight as fast as the other newchildrens. He ends up sleeping in Jonas room receiving memories from Jonas
Jonas best friend who si cheerful, friendly boy who makes a game out of everything. At the ceremony of Twelve, he is assigned to be Assistant Director of Recreation
Ones of Jones's best friends, she is a pretty girl who is sensitive, intelligent, quiet and polite, assigned to be Assistant Director of Recreation
Jonas father is shy quiet consideration and caring. He is a nurturer responsible for the physical and emotional needs of every newborn child during the first few months of life responsible for the release killing of infants who are deemed worthless because something either emotional or physical or both is wrong with them
Jonas mother is intelligent sympathetic and understanding and holds a prominent position at the department of justice she punishes people for breaking the strictly enforced rules of the community
Challenged for themes
euthanasia, murder, suicide, sexual elements
the importance of memory, value of the individual, danger of conformity, relationship between pleasure and pain
Symbols The Giver
river, bicycle, Gabriel, eyes, nakedness
According to a study done by Seattle Children's Hospital, what is the link between TV watching and ADHD?
The doctors concluded that for each hour of daily TV viewed by the child before age three increasing the risk of ADHD by age seven by 10%
According to Trelease, are electronic teaching toys and programs, such as the Disney Company's "Baby Enstein" products, a good counterbalance to TV watching in terms of helping a child develop intellectually?
When Baby Einsteins parent Disney was threatened with the class action suits for misusing the "educational label" on the product Disney defused the crisis by simply conceding "Don't like it, here is your money back". No arsenal support behind the products; toy increased child's IQ
What did the results of a twenty-six-year New Zealand study published in 2005 into childhood TV-viewing indicate about its relationship to academic achievement?
The finding indicate that excessive television viewing is likely to have a negative impact on educational achievement
Tom Schactman's book The Inarticulate Society reveals what trend in the vocabulary level, grammatical complexity, and sentence length in CBS Evening News broadcasts between 1963 and 1993?
He found its sentences usually ran eighteen to twenty five words had dependent clauses and included abstract words like unanimous, compulsory and protestions
What limits on TV viewing for children does the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend?
The american academy of pediatrics recommends a limit of ten hours a week and no tv for children under two
Finnish children, who have the highest reading scores in the world, watch "fairly large amounts of television" according to Trelease, yet they benefit from a mechanical device, also available to American children, that offsets the detrimental effects of so much TV. What is that device?
The device is close captioning this helps the children to score the highest reading scores in the world
Trelease argues for the value of audiobooks, but adds what caveat?
If the audio is used as a full time substitute for a literature parent, no they are not ok. But if used as a supplement your readings or used by children whose parents are illiterate or unavailable they are excellent
Trelease offers a list of common "excuses" for the growing scholastic achievement gap between boys and girls, but singles out one as deserving "more serious attention." What is that excuse?
Explanation that needs more serious attention: The men that are suppose to raise boys is fathers
Thomas Friedman's book The World Is Flat makes what point about the Internet, and how does Trelease link this to the crisis in male scholastic achievement?
The countries in the valleys were connected to the information network and the work flow connected to too much technology non-academic practices that does not help scholastic achievement
What negative effect does Trelease ascribe to the explosion in televised sports programs?
The impact of the young male from seeing so many role models worshipping daily and nightly the altar of espu played a damaging role in male attitudes in school
According to a 1995 study published in Early Education and Development, how does the percentage of what Trelease calls "reluctant reading daddies" in poverty-level families compare to the percentage in university-educated families?
When poverty level families and university educated families were compared, fathers in both groups head to children only 15 percent of the time mothers 76 percent and other 9 percent
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