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Midterm Review-Shakely Children's Literature
Terms in this set (94)
What are types of literature enjoyed by adults and children alike before the advent of literature written expressly for children
myths, fables and folktales
In the fourteenth century, The Babee's Book instructed children in such things such as table manners. This book can be best classified as
A courtesy book
were small inexpensive books sold by traveling salesman
Is generally considered the first picture book
Obis Sensualium Pictus
In what book would the verse "In Adam's fall/We sinned all" be used to teach the letter A?
The New England Primer
Emphasized literacy in the service salvation
Emphasized the duty to develop the mind
Jean Jacques Rosseau
emphasized literacy to develop moral citizens
Published the tales of the Mother Goose
Published, wrote and sold children's book
Wrote such satires as Gulliver's Travels
What is often considered the Golden Age of Children's Literature
The nineteenth century
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm
German folktale collectors
The Little Mermaid
Hans Christian Andersen
Limericks and nonsense verse
Child's Garden of Verses
Robert Louis Stevenson
Wrote a short mock-Anglo Saxon epic
What was the first major children's book written with no didactic purpose
Alice's Adventure in Wonderland
The Owl and the Pussycat
Love that Boy
Walter Dean Myers
What is a common dominant rhythm in a limerick?
What is the rhyme scheme of a limerick?
Poem that tells a story
Personal, brief poem with no emphasis on story
A rhyme of folk origin, often obscure in meaning
folk in origin and often interactive
The beat appealed to Jack
Provides the title for one of Jack's poems
Jack likes the images, especially of the dog
Shape (concrete) poem
Written by Creech; about a wormy apple
The Red Wheelbarrow
Evokes a sarcastic comment about short lines
Typography and spacing suggest sounds
Whose poem "Love That Boy" appealed so much to Jack that he invited the poet to school?
Walter Dean Myers
What is SSR?
Sustained Silent Reading
Accounts imitative tendency in children
Prime indicator of school success with preschoolers
The 10,000 most often heard conversational words
"Took a hit" from the NCLB induced narrowing of curricula
Offered excellent predicator of presidential races
Aging with Grace
Indicates the importance of "idea density"
If a child spends approximately 900 hours a year in school, about how many hours a year does he or she spend outside of school (hint: a little basic math could help here)?
What are three prongs of Trealease's proposed program- in imitation of anti smoking campaigns- to increase the number of parents reading to children?
Inform, scare and shame
How does Trelease characterize phonics?
It is not necessary
You are at the book store because your daughter wants "that book about the ducklings" her teacher read to the class, but neither of you can remember the exact title. The book store clerk says he can look up the book by the author, whose name do you remember. What is that name?
Now that his sister is getting a book, your son decides he wants that book about the "Curious Garden". Who wrote that book?
Your students ask, "How come the pictures in Make Way for Ducklings arent in color? Your answer:
The publisher didn't want to pay for color
A perceptive child in your second grade class notices that in Make Way for Ducklings, the illustrations tend most often to highlight whose point of view?
That of the parent ducks
You want to teach your students something interesting about children's books, so you tell them to Make Way For Ducklings has become such a culturally prominent book that, as a gesture of diplomatic friendship, First lady Barbara Bush presented a statuary group based on the book to what city?
The child you are babysitting wants you to read her a book. You suggest The Curious Garden, but she asks what is about. You tell her:
Its about a little boy who brightens his bleak city by starting a garden
She liked that book so much that she wants another. She asks what Make Way for Ducklings is about. You tell her:
It is about some ducks looking for a place to live in Boston
Your child likes the pictures in The Curious Garden but wants to know why the sky is blue on the cover, brown in the first spread, and then blue at the end. You tell him:
Maybe the sky gets bluer as the garden grows and the city becomes more pleasant
"I like that this book has big pictures and little pictures", says your child as you read The Curious Garden. You respond that these are called
Spreads and panels
The pictures look different from the ones in this guy's other book," says your child as you finish Flight of the Dodo and begin The Curious Garden. You have read an interview with the author and respond
He said that this book has so many detailed pictures that he drew them flatter to save time
Your school librarian is looking for donations and requests picture books. What phrase best describes the relationship between the pcitures and the text in picture books
Literal, accurate drawings
Uses light and color to suggest mood
Gives ideas of things; ex; trees in Madeline
Imitates the art of a particular culture
Unsophisticated; even childlike style
Now she wants to see examples of the above styles so she'll understand the terms better. You show her Make Way for Ducklings as an example of what style?
And while your looking at that book, you point out something about the page breaks. What is that?
The text usually ends at the end of a sentence, but the storyline makes you want to turn the page
Your son is so inspired by his read alouds that he wants to make his own picture book. You tell him to be mindful of the gutter, and then eplain that the term means
The center of the open book, where the crease is
He is happily making his book, but he wants to know if children being read to will look t his pictures. You tell him:
Yes, since children focus mainly on the pictures as they're being read to
"But what if I want them to see something special in my picture", he asks. You tell him.
If you mention a particular thing in the story, children will find it and look at it longer in the picture
The heroine plants a hazel tree
The heroine lives by the shore
Fractured Fairytales Cinderella
The heroine and the prince are both poor
Sweet Little Beet
The heroine does not like the prince
You are reading you son the Grimms collected fairytales. You tell him that one main reason was:
He turns into an animal
He asks why the Grimms collected fairytales. You tell him that one main reason was:
To help unify German speakers
You are teaching a junior high school class and want to emphasize the far reaching effects of The Industrial Revolution and Romanticism. You explain that thet even helped spur the popularity of fairytales
By creating nostalgia for pre-industrial life and emphasizing the value of the rural
Established the term "fairytale"
Immortalized the figure of Mother Goose
Not of folk origin but made up by one person
Unconnected populations have similar psychologies
A single source of common folktales
A plot based classification system
Coined the term "Cinderella Complex"
The Uses of Enchantment
identified archetypes in literature
Some parents are upset that you are teaching fairytales in class because they can be violent and very scary, to help win them over, you talk about The Uses of Enchantment and explain:
The author was a Freudian child psychologist who said the tales help children cope with reality
Since you are dazzling them with your knowledge of pyschology, you explain that a Jungian would
Recognize how the use of universal archetypes can be easily understood by virtually any child
Now you explain a bit about Tolkien since one of the parents is softening and admits to having taken his child to see the Lord of the Rings movie. You say that Tolkein identified four essential elements in fairytales
Fantasy, Recovery, Escape, Consolation
The best time to start reading to a child is once he or she starts to exhibit verbal skill
Reading to a child in utero establishes recognition of certain sounds the child later associates with comfort
Early fluent readers are those who have already been taught to read before kindergarten
Jim Trelease, a reading advocate, recommends every game have books, a book basket and a bed lamp
Since grammar is an abstract concept, it can only be learned systematically
Babies don't begin measurable storage of sound an word patterns until eighteen months of age
One thing children like about Mother Goose is that she echoes the beat of a mother's heart
Stripes, plaids, musical harmony, and rhymes all help children find order in a choatic world
Before age four, children are too young to appreciate plot in a book
A childs test scores begin to suffer after fifteen hours a week of television
To guarantee a good read aloud, look for a book award, such as the Newberry, when choosing a book
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