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Baroque Music (Hill)
Terms in this set (15)
The Early Modern Period of history is generally thought to begin with the Renaissance, which historians place roughly at what year and event?
The fall of Constantiple in 1453
The Early Modern Period of history is placed at the death of what individual in what year?
King Louis XIV in 1715
What events or trends signal the end of the Early Modern Period of history?
The gradual collapse of absolutism; the gradual rise of constitutional government; the first signs of the cultural, economic, and political ascendancy of the commercial or middle classes; and the rise to dominance of Enlightenment cultural values and ideas.
What year did Martin Luther nail his 95 theses to the Wittenberg Cathedral? What year was he excommunicated?
When King Henry VIII could not persuade Pope Clement VII to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon, he nullified the pope's authority over the English clergy and in _______ established the Church of England.
The Council of Trent, the principal impulse to the Catholic Reformation (or Counter-Reformation), occurred in what years?
What, rather stylistic criteria, does Hill argue defines the Baroque era in music and the other arts?
The rhetorical conception of the arts, used as a means of persuasion and inspiration in a period of cultural, social, political, economic, and religious turbulence, explaining the dominant position of the nobility and its monarchical ideology in seventeenth-century culture.
In what year did the Medici family's reign as grand dukes begin?
What are intermedi?
Spectacles performed between the acts of spoken plays. The text was sung, often by a solo voice with chordal accompaniment, and added explanatory commentary. There was not a plot typically.
In what year and at what occasion did intermedi begin to be regularly performed at important state occasions?
Grand Duke Cosimo I's marriage in 1539
According to Vincenzo Galilei, why was modern polyphonic music unable to achieve the marvelous effects of ancient music?
Because its words are sung simultaneously in all registers and with different rhythms and melodic contours by several voices that cancel each other's expressive effects.
According to Vincenzo Galilei, what does the expressive power of music come from?
Its ability to use pitch and rhythm to imitate the precise speech patterns, intonations, accents, and inflections that actors use to distinguish different characters, their relationships with other characters, and their emotions.
Giulio Caccini called music that is "naught but speech, with rhythm and pitch following it" (Pluto) in armonia favellare. What does that phrase mean, and what is this style called today?
"Speaking in harmony"; recitative
What three works are now called the first operas?
La Dafne (1597-98), L'Euridice (1600), Il rapimento di Cefalo (1600)
Were opera and recitative created by the Florentine Camerata?
No, but their theories and experiments were contributing factors.
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