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21 terms

Week 18: Islamic Empire

STUDY
PLAY
oasis
A small area in the desert watered by springs and wells
nomad
A member of a group that has no fixed home and moves from place to place
tribe
Any system of social organization made up of villages, bands, or other groups with a common ancestry, language, culture, and name
idol
An image used as an object of worship
bazaar
An open-air market with shops and goods for sale
pilgrimage
A journey to a sacred place or shrine
Koran
The sacred book of Islam
monotheism
The belief that there is only one God
Islam
A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad
Muslim
A believer in Islam
Mosque
A place of Muslim worship
Sunna
Customary procedures of living, specifically the ways and customs of Muhammad
caliph
The civil and religious ruler of a Muslim state
council
An assembly called to help determine the next Muslim caliph
Shiite
From the Arabic "party;" one who believes that authority passed from the Prophet Muhammad to his lineal descendants
Sunni
One who follows the way s and customs of Muhammad, specifically those who accept that authority was passed down through consensus of the Muslim community
Muhammad
Founder of Islam, prophet of God
Allah
Arabic word for God
muezzin
One that calls Muslim worshippers to prayer
Kaaba
Square building in Mecca believed by Muslims to be the house Ibrahim erected for God and the focus of Muslim worship
Hegira
Muhammad's emigration with his followers from Mecca to Medina in 622.