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Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Prevention
Terms in this set (6)
What is Primary Prevention?
results in the prevention of a disease or condition from occurring.
ask: "will performing this action prevent the disease or condition from occurring?"
If NO!- secondary
first and most effective level of healthcare
Primary Prevention Examples
personal safety (encouraging the use of seatbelts, bike helmets)
disease prevention (counseling about safer sex practices, suncreeen, Vaccinations, chemoprophylaxis)
healthy lifestyle (exercise, diet)
providing information on accident and fall prevention
Tobacco control programs
What is Secondary Prevention
involves screening asymptomatic individuals for a disease to detect it early, and with early intervention achieve a better outcome than with later detection and treatment.
Does not save money, but can lower morbidity and mortality
Secondary Prevention Example
treat asymptomatic persons who have risk factors for a given disease or in pre-clinical disease.
any lab test to screen for disease (cbc for anemia, tsh for thyroid)
Us Task force recommendations
screening examinations- mammography and PAP smears,
Testing for hearing loss
BP measurements to detect HTN
lipid profile to rule out hyperlipidemia
breast self exam, testicular exam
What is Tertiary Prevention?
interventions that occur after a disease or condition is evident, limiting further harm and disability
Tertiary Prevention Example
rehab(cardiac rehabilitation after MI)
pt education (SE from meds, insulin, how to use equipment)
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