Why did Mendel pick the garden pea, or Pisum satirum?
- It's a dicot, a plant that sprouts 2 leaves or a cotyledon.
- The petals of the flower close down tightly, preventing pollen grains from entering or leaving, which enforces self-fertilization. Peas, as a result, are highly inbred, displaying minimal genetic variation, or true breeding.
- Had contrasting traits which helped him determine inheritance of characteristics of the peas.
- singular differences allowed him to study one trait at a time.
- easy to grow, control
- clearly distinct traits