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Terms in this set (16)
Prime numbers are
Integers that are only divisible by 1 and the integer itself. (With the exception of 2, prime numbers are ALL odd.)
Factors
Numbers that are multiplied together to get a product
The prime factors of a number
are the factors broken down into prime numbers
Prime Factorization
Breaking down a composite number until all of the factors are prime
greatest common factor
The highest number that divides exactly into two or more numbers.
least common multiple
Smallest number that has each of the given numbers as factors
scientific notation
A way to easily express very large or very small numbers.
Ratios
Describe relationships.
Ratios are relative not absolute. They represent the minimum quanity of each thing, not necessarily the quanity itself.
Proportions
Two equal ratios.
Rates
A measure of quanity or a frequency (how often something happens) compared to a different measure, quanity, or frequency.
Percents
A rate, amount, or number in terms of 100. Percent means per hundred.
Probability
1.) Percent that can't be less than 0 or greater than 1.
2.) how many desired outcomes you can expect out of 100 trials.
Combinations
How many ways something can be arranged if order doesn't matter.
Mean
average
Median
Middle number
Mode
most frequently occurring number
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