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BC English 10 Provincial

to help study for BC english 10 provincials
STUDY
PLAY
Narrative Paragraph
tells a real or an imaginary story
Descriptive Paragraph
Describes a scene, or a collection of scenes
Expository Paragraph
Typical essay paragraph
Compare
To find similarities
Contrast
to find differences
Personal Essay
the writer describes a story in which he/she learned something profound or discovered womething about life
Expository Essay
can be persuasive or explanitory
Persuasive Expository Essay
attempts to convince the reader to agree with a certain point of view
Explanitory Expository Essay
explains something to the reader without trying to persuade them in any way
Literary Essay
formal essay used to analyze a piece of literature
Introduction
the reader is made aware of what the writers intentions and what type of essay it is
Body
the bulk of the essay; where most of the information is provided
Conclusion
end of the essay; wraps up arguement, or ties the content of the essay together
Thesis
main idea of the essay, the main position of view of the writer
Transition
words that allow the reader to slide smoothly from one idea or paragraph to the next
Style
the indivitual manner in which an author expresses his/her thoughts and feelings
Diction
a style of speaking or writing from a deliberate choice and arrangement of words
Rhetorical Devices
a way of manipulating language fot effective writing, they guide the reader's reaction/response to the piece
Tone
the author's additude towards the subject or readers, similar to a tone of voice
Voice
the personality of the writing, specific characteristics that make it unique
Jargon
words or expressions developed for use within a specific group
Colloquial Language
informal language of conversation; slang
Autobiography
an account of a person's life written by that person
Biography
an account of a person's life written by someone else
Alliteration
a phrase or sentance where at least two words begin with the same consonant sound
Allusion
a reference to one piece of literature to another
Antagonist
usually the "bad guy"; the force that opposes the protagonist/main character
Aside
a side comment; the audience hears something, but the other characters don't
Atmosphere
the emotional setting
Audience
who the piece of literature is directed at
Ballad
a long poem that tells a story, usually set to music
Bias
a prejudice
Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
Character
a person/thing that experiences feelings
Chronological Order
the order in which events happen in time
Cliche
a worn-out idea or overused expression
Climax
the most exciting point in a story
Comedy
light and humorous drama with a happy ending
Connotation
an idea that is implied or suggested
Denotation
the direct meaning or idea
Description
to provide details about something
Dialogue
when characters exchange conversation
Direct Presentation
when the writer tells the readers directly what kind of personality a character has
Drama
situations of intense emotion
Dynamic Character
a character who undergoes change during the story
Falling Action
what happens after the climax; begins to wrap up the story
FIgurative Language
the imaginative language that makes a piece of writing fun to read
First Person Point of View
the narrator tells the story from the "I" point of view
Flashback
a transition to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story
Flat Character
a character who is not very well developed; has few identifiable characteristics
Foil
to hinder or put a stop to plans
Foreshadowing
clues that the writer gives that hint at what will come later on in the story
Free Verse
unrhymed poetry
Genre
a kind of literary or artistic work
Hyperbole
a deliberate exaggeration used to make a point
Imagery
The use of strong language to form a picture or scene in a reader's mind
Indirect Presentation
the personality of a character is revealed by what he/she does or says
Irony
the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
Limited Omniscient Point of View
allows the authour to tell the thoughts and feelings of only one character.
Lyric
a short, rhyming poem
Metaphor
a comparison of two things without using like or as
Mood
the overall emotion created by a work of literature
Narration
giving an account describing incidents or a course of events
Narrative
the telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events.
Narrator
the person who tells a story
Objective Point of View
the narrator does not enter the mind of any character but describes events from the outside
Omniscient Point of View
the narrator enters the minds of multiple characters
Onomatopoeia
using words that imitate the sound they denote
Oxymoron
two words or phrases that completely contradict each other
Paradox
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
Personification
giving human traits to an inanimate object for imagery purposes
Plot
the sequence of events in a story
Point of View
the perspective from which a story is told
Propaganda
information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
Protagonist
the main character, who must overcome obstacles and resolve the conflict
Refrain
a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem
Resolution
when the answer to the problem in the story is found
Rhyme
be similar in sound, especially with respect to the last syllable
Rhyme Scheme
the pattern by which words rhyme in poetry
Rhythm
the arrangement of words alternating stressed and unstressed
Rising Action
the series of conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax.
Round Character
this character is fully developed - the writer reveals good and bad traits as well as background
Sarcasm
witty language used to convey insults or scorn
Satire
the use of humor to emphasize human weaknesses or imperfections
Setting
where the story takes place
Simile
a comparison using like or as
Sonnet
a 14 line poem with a fixed rhyme scheme
Speaker
the person speaking in the poem, like the narrator, not always the poet
Stanza
a group of lines in a poem, like a paragraph in writing
Static Character
a character that stays the same throughout the story, does not go through any major changes
Stereotyped Character
a character formed by building off of a common stereotype
Suspense
apprehension about what is going to happen next in the story
Symbol
something that represents something else in a piece of writing
Theme
the main or central idea of the story or piece of writing
Tragedy
drama in which the protagonist is overcome by some superior force or circumstance
Understatement
the deliberate representation of something as lesser in magnitude than it actually is