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Weather Quarter 1
All major concepts related to weather creation
Terms in this set (29)
___is the transfer of energy in the form of rays or waves.
___ is the transfer of heat by the flow of heat through a material.
In general, atmospheric pressure is greatest near Earth's surface and ____as you move upward and away from sea level.
The ____ is the source of most energy in our atmosphere.
The ____ is caused by the Earth's rotation.
There are ____molecules of air at high elevation, so air pressure is less dense.
The transfer of energy that occurs when molecules bump into one another is called_____.
The _____is the layer of the atmosphere closest to the Earth's surface.
The air above the _____rises because it is less dense.
Reflection and absorption by the atmosphere prevents some _____ from reaching Earth's surface.
Cold air has more molecules occupying a cubic centimeter of space than warm air; therefore, it has ____pressure.
When Earth receives energy from the sun, __________(3 answers)
some is absorbed by the atmosphere.
some is absorbed by land and water on Earth's surface.
some energy is reflected back into space.
When cool dense air from over the water flows inland, it's called a _______.
The process of water vapor changing to a liquid is called _______.
Air pressure is greatest ______because there are more molecules of air pushing down from above.
at sea level
Air above the equator is heated more than any other place on Earth because solar rays strike the equator ______.
When water droplets in a cloud combine, become too heavy, and fall to the ground as rain, snow, sleet, or hail, we are experiencing ________.
____humidity is a measure of the amount of water vapor that air is holding compared to the amount needed for saturation at a specific temperature.
The boundary between cold and warm air masses is called a ________.
When air contains as much moisture as possible at a specific temperature, it is _________.
Precipitation and storms occur with a _____________.
low pressure system
The temperature at which air is saturated and condensation forms is the _____________.
A _____studies and forecasts the weather using data gathered from many sources.
Water can form on grass in the early morning when the air is clear because ________________.
the air near the ground cools to its dew point
To keep track of high and low pressure areas, weather maps are drawn with lines connecting points of equal atmospheric pressure. These lines are called_______.
Areas of low pressure usually have ____________.
High pressure means good weather because......
the air masses sink, making it difficult for clouds to form
An______connects points of equal temperature.
A _______shows weather conditions at one specific location.
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