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Respiratory System and Common Respiratory Diseases
Terms in this set (62)
It is more complex gas exchange process by which oxygen is obtained from the environment and delivered to the cells and carbon gas is transported and removed from the body.
It is an exchange of air between the atmosphere and the air sac of the lungs.
It is the transfer of O2 and C2O across the respiratory membranes.
Transport of Gases
It is where oxygen is carried into the cell and carbon dioxide is delivered from the cells to the lungs for increase.
It is a pair of passages inside the nostril
It is the openings of the nose.
It protect our lungs from foreign materials.
Also known as throat.
It is the other term for pharynx.
It is the passageway that allows the entry of air into the respiratory tract and food and liquid into the digestive tract.
It is commonly known as the voice box.
Other term for larynx.
It is located between pharynx and trachea.
It has 2 elastic ligaments.
It is where the voice are produced.
It is the space between vocal chords.
It is a flap of elastic tissue that forms a cover at the top of the larynx.
It ensures the food and air enter the body through different pathways.
It is a thyroid cartilage that protrudes in front of the neck.
This lump that is usually larger in males than females.
It is also known as windpipe.
It is the main passageway to the lungs.
It is a tube about 2.5 cm wide that extends from lower portion of the larynx to the upper part of the chest above the heart.
Supported by C-shaped rings of cartillage.
They are also two tubes that carry air into each lungs.
This bronchus is larger in diameter than the left.
It is supported by rings of cartillage.
Hilus or Hilum
Each bronchus enters the lung at a depression called:
They are tiny hairs that carries mucus up and out.
It is a sticky fluid that collects dusts, germs and other matter that has invaded the lungs.
It is the primary organs for respiration.
It is located side by side in the thoraic (chest) cavity.
It is separated in the abdominal cavity by diaphragm.
It is a muscular partition that separates the lungs in the abdominal cavity.
It is a dome-shaped muscle at the bottom of the lungs.
flattens and pulls forward
When the breath is taken, the diaphragm:
expands and forces air out.
During exhalation, the diaphragm:
It is a thin tissue which keeps each lung moist and enables it to move in the chest during breathing without friction.
How many lobes does the Right Lung have?
How many lobes does the Left Lung have?
This lung's lobe is slightly larger than the left.
These are the smallest conducting tubes inside the lungs.
These have no cartilage.
It is a microscopic, balloon-like air sacs.
Most of the exchange of gasses between circulatory and respiratory system take place in:
It is a chronic respiratory condition that is caused by consistent inflammation of the airways
It is characterized by restriction in the movement of air due to the recurring contraction of the bronchial smooth muscle.
It a respiratory illness that cause breathlessness or inability to exhale normally
Alveoli or air sacs
The organ that is affected by Emphysema.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, results in gradual destruction of the air sacs / alveoli in the lungs, the gas exchange is decreasing and air is retained in the lungs.
This disease is caused by smoking, genetics and environmental factors like pollution.
It is an Inflammation of the bronchi that may result in swelling of the bronchial lining, narrowing of the air passages and shortness of breath.
This disease is caused by air pollution or infection.
It is the uncontrolled division of cells that line the respiratory tract.
It is disease where the cells rapidly form tumors that can grow and become numerous caused by DNA mutations in the lungs.
This disease often progresses to an advanced stage before symptoms are observed.
This genetic respiratory disease is caused by a defective gen that creates a thick and sticky mucus.
Pancreas, Sweat Glands, Salivary Glands, Liver and Intestine.
The organs that are affected by cystic fibrosis are:
It is a lung disease caused by an infection in the air sacs in the lungs.
This condition is one of the most common chronic problems world-wide.
It occurs when the immune system mistakes a common substance as invader. The system overreacts and releases histamines.
A chemical that cause the allergic reaction.
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