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19 terms

Chapter 5 Government Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
political party
a group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office
political spectrum
range of political views
partisanship
stong support of their party and its political stands
single-member districts
electoral district from which one person is chosen by voters for each elected office
plurality
largest number of votes cast for an office
bipartisam
supported by two parties
consensus
general agreement among various groups
coalition
temporary alliance of several groups who can together to from a working majority and so to contorl a government
incumbet
current office holder
factions
competing groups
spoils system
practice of awarding public offices, contracts, and other governmental favors to those who supported the party in power
electorate
people eligible t vote
sectionalism
narrow-minded concern for, or devotion to, intrests of one section of a country
ideological parties
parties based on a particular set of beliefs
single-issue parties
parties taht focus on only one public-policy matter
economic protest parties
parties rooted in poor economic times, lacking a clear ideological base, disatisfied with curren conditions and demanding better times
splinter parties
parties taht have split away from major parties
ward
a unit into which cities are often divided for the election of city council members
precinct
smallest unit of election administartion; voters in each precinct cast their ballots at one polling place loacted with the precinct