5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- 1st triumvirate
- rubicon river
- romulus and remus
- a In ancient Rome, a political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for a limited time.
- b In ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up only of aristocrats.
- c Traditional story of how Rome began. Twins abandoned and rescued by a wolf, raised by a shepherd . Grew to build Rome. Romulus later killed Remus
- d The first attempt of the men by the names of Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey who try to save the replublic. Caesar gains this power
- e a river in Italy. On the night of January 10, 49 BC, Caesar took his army across it. He marched his army swiftly toward Rome, and Pompey fled.
5 Multiple choice questions
- huge estates bought up by newly wealthy roman citizens
- Two officials from the patrician class were appointed each year of the Roman Republic to supervise the government and command the armies
- a landowning upper class in rome
- the naval battle in which Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian's fleet under Agrippa in 31 BC
- general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War
5 True/False questions
pontifex maximus → the high priest of Rome, the head of Roman state religion; he appointed and oversaw the vestal virgins.
scipio africanus → a landowning upper class in rome
SPQR → stands for "Senatus Populus Que Romanus" and translates to the Senate and the People of Rome; the symbol is found emblazoned on light posts, mailboxes, street signs, and other municipal fixtures in modern-day Rome.
44 bc → the year the Romans overthrew the Etruscan and started the republic
cato the elder → an ancient city state on the north African coast near modern Tunis, City located in present-day Tunisia, founded by Phoenicians ca. 800 B.C.E. It became a major commercial center and naval power in the western Mediterranean until defeated by Rome in the third century B.C.E. (p. 107)