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108 terms

AP midterm

midterm exam questions.
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The Union's defeat in battle at Bull Run in 1861 was better than a victory because
The defeat caused Northerners to face up to the reality of a long, difficult war.
The two major battles the Civil War fought on Union soil were
Gettysburg and Antietam
The North's "victory" at Antietam allowed President Lincoln to
issue the Emancipation Proclimation
Slavery was legally abolished in the United Tates by the
Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution.
Afrcican Americans who fought for the Union Army in the Civil War
Served bravely and suffered extremely heavy casualties.
To fill the army's demand for troops, the north relied mainly on
volunteers
Confederate batteries fired on Fort Sumter when it was learned that
Lincoln had ordered supplies sent to the fort.
During teh Civil war, most of the Five Civilized Tribes in the Indian Territory of present-day Oklahoma
Supported the Confederacy
As the Civil War began, the South seemed to have the advantage of
more talented military leaders.
Johnny Reb tended to be all of the following except
detached personally from the war.
Billy Yank tended to be all of the following except
religious
The greatest weakness of the South during the Civil War was its
Economy
When Abraham Lincoln won the 1860 presidential election, people in South Carolina
Rejoiced because it gave them an excuse to secede.
Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel Uncle Tomes Cabin
Intended to show the cruelty of slavery.
Uncle Toms Cabin may be described as
A powerful political force.
In ruling on the Dred Scott case, The United States Supreme court
expected to lay to rest the issue of slavery in the territories.
As a result of the panic of 1857, the South
believed that "cotton was king."
The United States' victoy in the Mexican War resulted in
Renewed controversey over the issue of extending slavery into the territories, a possible split in the whip and democrat parties over slaver, the cession by mexico of an enormous amount of land to the United States, a rush of settlers to new American territory in California (all of the above)
Accordign to the principle of "popular sovereignty" the question of slavery in the territories would be determined by
the people in any given territory
Harriet Tubman gained fame
by helping slaves to escape to canada
The Fugitive Slave Law included all of the following provisions except
The requirement that fugitive slaves be returned from Canada.
In 1846 the United States went to war with Mexico for all of the following reasons excpet
the ideaology of Manifest Destiny.
The Wilmost Provision, introduced into Congress during the Mexican War, declared that
slavery would be banned from all territories that Mexico ceded to the United States.
In arguing for the continutation of slavery after 1830, southerners
placed themselves in opposition to much of the rest of the Western world.
As a result of the introduction of the cotton gin,
slavery was reinvigorated.
All told, only about _____ of white southerners owned slaves or belonged to a slaveholding family.
1/4th
By the mid-nineteenth century,
most slaves lived on large plantations.
Most slaves in the South were owned by
plantation owners.
Transcendentialists believed that all knowledge came through
an inner light.
Deists like Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Fraklin endorsed the concept of
a Supreme Being who created the universe.
The original prophet of the Mormon religion was
Joseph Smith
Noah Webster's dictionary
helped to standardize the American language.
The American phase of hte industrial revolution first blossomed
with textile mills.
In the continental economy, each region specialized in a particular ecomomic activity: the Sout _____ for export; the West grew grains and livestock to feed _____; and the East _______ for the other two regions.
grew cotton, eastern factory workers, made machines and textiles.
Life on the frontier was
Downright grim for most pioneer families
Irelands great exporth int he 1840's was
people.
Immigrants coming to the US before 1860
helped to fuel economic expansion.
As president, John Quincy Adams
was one of the least successful presidents in American history
Andrew Jackson's political philosophy was based on his
suspcicion of the federal government.
The US's most successful diplomat in the Era of Good Feelings was
John Quincy Adams
The Monroe Doctrine was
An expression of theillusion of deepening American isolationism from world affairs.
As a reult of the Missouri Compromise
slavery was banned north of 36*30' in the Louisiana Purchase territory.
When the US entered the War of 1812, it was
militarily unprepared.
The outcome of the War of 1812 was
a stimulus to partriotic nationalism in the US.
Thomas Jefferson was conscience-striken about the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France because
he believed that the purchase was unconstitutional
Lewis and Clark demonstrated the viability of
and overland trail to the pacific.
The case of Marbury v. Madison involved the question of who had the right to
declare an act of Congress unconstitutional.
Napolan chose to sell Louisiana to the US because
he had suffered misfortunes in Santo Domingo, he hope that the territory would one day help America to thwart the ambitions of the British, he did not want to drive America into the arms of the British, yellow fever killed many French troops. (all of the above)
One of George Washington's major contributions as president was
keeping the nation out of foreignn wars.
Washington's Farewell Address in 1796
warned against the dangers permanent foreign alliances.
Thomas Jefferson favored a political system in which
the states retained the majority of political power.
The new Costitution did not provide for the creation of a
cabinet.
The Bill of Rights was intended to protect _______ against the potential tyranny of ___________.
individual liberties, a strong central government.
The _____ Amendment might rightly be calle dhte "states' rights" amendment
Tenth
By the time the Constitution was adopted in 1789,
prosperity was beginning to return.
The one branch of the governemtn elected directly by the people is the
House of Representatives.
The most important outcome of the Revolution for white women was that they
were elevated as special keepers of the nation's conscience.
The economic status of the average American at the end of the Revolutionary War was
probably worse than before the war.
A major strength of the Articles of Confederation was its
presentation of the ideal of united nation.
As commander of America's Revolutionary army, George Washington exhibited all of the following except
military genius.
King George 3rd officially declared the colonies in rebellion just after
the Battle of Bunker Hill
In a republic, power
comes from the people themselves.
Thomas Paine argued that all government officials
should derive their authority from popular consent.
In late 1776 and 1777, George Washington helped restore confidence in America's military by
defeating the Hessians at Trenton and the British at Princeton.
As the War for Independence begain, the colonies had the advantage of
many outstanding civil and military leaders.
African Americans during the Revolutionary War
fought for both the Americans and the British.
Change in colonial policy by the British government that helped precipitate the American Revolution involved
compelling the American colonists to shoulder some of the financial costs of the empire.
When it came to Revolution, it oculd be said that the American colonists were
reluctant revolutionaries
The British Parliment passed the Stamp Act to
Raise money to support new military foreces needed for colonial defense.
When colonists shouted "No taxation without representation," they were rejecting Parliment's power to
levy revenue-raising taxes on teh colonies.
The clash between Britain and France for control of the North American continent sprang from their rivalry for control.
the Ohio River Valley
As a result of the Seven Years' war, Great Britain
became the dominant power in North America.
The one valuable resource in New France was
beavers.
The French wanted to control Louisiana because they
would then control the mouth of the Mississippi
The leading industry in the American coloines
agriculture
Transportation in colonial America was
slow by any of the means available.
The Great Awakening
Undemined the presige of the learned clergy in the colonies, split colonial churches into several competeing denominations, led to the foundign of Princeton, Dartmouth, and Rutgers colleges, was the first spontaneous mass movement of the American people. (all of the above)
Colonial schools and collges placed their main emphasis on
religion
The average age of the American colonists in 1775 was
16
By the end of the 1700's, what was the percentage of people living in rurual areas of
90%
The population of the thirteen American colonies was
perhaps the most diverse in the world, although it remained predominantly Anglo-Saxon.
By 1700 the most populous colony in English America
Virginia
Most immigrants to the Chesapeake colnies inteh seventeenth centruy came as
indentured servants,
The immediate reason for Bacon's Rebellion was
Indian attacks on the frontier settlements
many of the slaves who reached North America
were originally captured by African coastal tribes.
For those who were sold into slavery, the "middle passage" cab be best described as
the gruesome ocean voyage to America
The physical and social conditions of slavery were hashest in
South Carolina
While slavery might have begun in America for economic reasons,
racial discrimmination also powerfully molded the American slave system.
In Calvinist thought the "conversion" was
an intense, personal experience when God relealed an individuals heavenly destiny.
In Puritan doctrine, the "elect" were also referred to as
"visible saints"
The Mayflower Compact can be best described as
a promising step toward genuine self-government
THe leader that helped the Pilgims survive was
William Bradford
Puritan doctrine included acceptance of
the idea of a covenant with God.
Puritain religious beliefs allowed all of the following except
challenging religious authority.
Tobacco was considered a poor man's crop because
it could be produced easily and quickly
The settlement founded in the early 1600's that was most important for the future US was
Jamestown
The early years at Jamestown were mainly characterized by
starvation, disease, and frequent Indian raids.
Captain John Smith's role at Jamestown can best be described as
saving the colony from collapse.
The biggest disrupter of Native American life was
disease.
The European explorers who follwed COlumbus to North America
continued to view themselves as Europeans.
Which of the following mountain ranges was probably created before the continental spearation approximately 350 million years ago?
the Appalachians
Which of the followingn was not a feature created in North America then thousand years ago when the glaciers retreated?
the Grand Canyon
Most likely the first americans were
people who crossed the land bridge from Eurasia to North America.
All of the folowing are true of the Inca, Mayan, an Aztec civilizations except
they had the use of large draft animasl such as the horse and oxen.
Which group was responsible for slave trading in Africa long before the Europeans had arrived
the Arabs and Africans.
After his first voyage , Christopher Columbus believed that he had
sailed to the outskirts of the East Indies
Columbus called the native people in the "new world" indians because
he believed that he had skirted the rim of the "indies"
Which of hte following New World plants revolutionized the international economy
maize, potatoes, beans, tomatos (all of the above)