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Art II Midterm Exam Terms

Basic terms for the art II midterm.
STUDY
PLAY
line
the path of a moving point; may be 2D, 3D, or implied
shape
a flat, two dimensional enclosed space; can be geometric or organic
form
three dimensional enclosed space; has length, width, and depth or appears to have a volume on a two dimensional space through the use of orthogonal lines, directional lines, or value
space
the visual area the artist uses to create; classified as positive or negative
color
the response of vision to the wavelengths of light reflected from a surface
value
the lightness or darkness of an object, color, or shade; affected by the light source and aerial perspective
chiaroscuro
the Italian term for strong contrasts of dark and light values in a painting
texture
the surface feel of an object or the visual representation of the surface character
actual texture
real and can be touched
visual texture
drawn to look like it could be felt by touch
implied
drawn texture
simulated
photographic texture
focal point
the object or area in a work that attracts the viewer's initial and immediate attention; the area that the artist feels is most important and draws a viewer's eye at first glance
movement
the arrangement of the elements so that the viewer's eyes follow a visual path from the focal point throughout the composition
balance
the equalization of the elements tot give the impression of weight in a composition
symmetrical balance
a mirror image
asymmetrical balance
uses a variety of elements to create a feel of equal visual weight
proportion
the size relationship of one object to another; or one part to a whole
unity
a sense of completeness, oneness, or wholeness
contrast
dramatic differences in values, colors, textures, and other elements of design
variety
the use of different elements in creative ways to avoid monotony and dullness
rhythm
a beat or movement established in a work of art by repeating elements
neutrals
category that includes black, white, and gray
primaries
3 colors that cannot be mixed by adding different colors together
secondaries
made by combining 2 primaries
tertiary
made by mixing 1 primary and 1 secondary color
monochromatic
1 color mixed with the neutrals to get tints, tones, and shades of the color
tint
white + color
tone
gray + color
shade
black + color
analogous
3-4 colors that are consecutive colors on the color wheel
triadic
3 colors that are equal distance from each other on the color wheel
complementary
colors opposite each other on the color wheel
more
side by side, complementary colors are _____ intense than usual
split complementary
the immediate left and right colors of a complementary color
double split complementary
the immediate left and right colors of a complementary pair
abstract
art that shows the distortion of something familiar
representational
art that depicts something
non-objective
art that does not depict anything in particular
conceptual
art that deals with an idea
positive space
occupied space
negative space
unoccupied space
softer
the ________ the graphite, the darker the value
harder
the ________ the graphite, the lighter the value
medium
materials used
analysis
when you look at how the work is organized
description
when you say what you see
interpretion
when you look at what is happening and what the artist is trying to say
judgement
what you think of the work
4
the human head can be divided into __ parts
head
the eyes are the half-way point of the ____
5
how many eye widths is the face?
1
there is __ eye width between the 2 eyes
3
the face can be divided into __ parts
top 1/3
from the hairline to the inside corner of the eyebrow
middle 1/3
from the corner of the brow to the bottom of the nostril
bottom 1/3
from the bottom of the nostril to the bottom of the chin
eye
the ears attack to the head from the corner of the ____
mouth
the corners of the _____ line up with the pupils of the eyes
nose
the corners of the ____ line up with the inside corners of the eyes