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Nutrition 101 Chapter 1
Terms in this set (44)
acceptable macronutrient distribution range (amdr)
A range of intakes for a particular energy source that is associated with reduced risk of chronic disease while providing adequate intakes of essential nutrients.
adequate intake (ai)
A recommended average daily nutrient intake level based on observed or experimentally determined estimates of nutrient intake by a group of healthy people.
behavioral risk factor surveillance system (brfss)
The world's largest telephone survey that tracks lifestyle behaviors that increase our risk for chronic disease.
Complex observational studies with additional design features that allow us to gain a better understanding of factors that may influence disease.
centers for disease control and prevention (cdc)
The leading federal agency in the United States that protects the health and safety of people. Its mission is to promote health and quality of life by preventing and controlling disease, injury, and disability.
A disease characterized by a gradual onset and long duration, with signs and symptoms that are difficult to interpret and that respond poorly to medical treatment.
Tightly controlled experiments in which an intervention is given to determine its effect on a certain disease or health condition.
conflict of interest
A situation in which a person is in a position to derive personal benefit and unfair advantage from actions or decisions made in their official capacity.
A sign or symptom that is hidden from a client and requires laboratory tests or other invasive procedures to detect.
dietary reference intakes (dris)
A set of nutritional reference values for the United States and Canada that applies to healthy people.
Studies that examine patterns of health and disease conditions in defined populations.
estimated average requirement (ear)
The average daily nutrient intake level estimated to meet the requirement of half of the healthy individuals in a particular life stage or gender group.
estimated energy requirement (eer)
The average dietary energy intake that is predicted to maintain energy balance in a healthy individual.
Vitamins that are not soluble in water but are soluble in fat; these include vitamins A, D, E, and K.
The plants and animals we consume.
An educated guess as to why a phenomenon occurs.
The rate of new (or newly diagnosed) cases of a ¬disease within a period of time.
A substance or nutrient that does not contain carbon and hydrogen.
macronutrients'Nutrients that the body requires in relatively large amounts to support normal function and health. Examples are carbohydrates
lipids, proteins, and water
Minerals we need to consume in amounts of at least 100 mg per day and of which the total amount in our body is at least 5 g (5,000 mg).
A nutritional status that is out of balance; an individual is either getting too much or not enough of a particular nutrient or energy over a significant period of time.
Nutrients needed in relatively small amounts to support normal health and body functions. Vitamins and minerals are micronutrients.
national health and nutrition examination survey (nhanes)
A survey conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics and the CDC; this survey tracks the nutrient and food consumption of Americans.
national institutes of health (nih)
The world's leading medical research center and the focal point for medical research in the United States.
Chemicals found in foods that are critical to human growth and function.
The scientific study of food and how it nourishes the body and influences health.
Types of epidemiological studies that indicate relationships between nutrition habits, disease trends, and other health phenomena of large populations of humans.
A substance or nutrient that contains the elements ¬carbon and hydrogen.
A situation in which too much energy or too much of a given nutrient is consumed over time, causing conditions such as obesity, heart disease, or nutrient-toxicity symptoms.
A sign or symptom that is obvious to a client, such as pain, fatigue, or a bruise.
The percentage of the population that is affected with a particular disease at a given time.
A deficiency that occurs when not enough of a nutrient is consumed in the diet.
The promotion of an unproven remedy, such as a supplement or other product or service, usually by someone unlicensed and untrained.
recommended dietary allowance (rda)
The average daily nutrient intake level that meets the nutrient requirements of 97% to 98% of healthy individuals in a particular life stage and gender group.
registered dietitian (rd)
A professional designation that requires a minimum of a bachelor's degree in nutrition, completion of a supervised clinical experience, a passing grade on a national examination, and maintenance of registration with the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (in Canada, the Dietitians of Canada). RDs are qualified to work in a variety of settings.
A deficiency that occurs when a person cannot absorb enough of a nutrient, excretes too much of a nutrient from the body, or cannot utilize a nutrient efficiently.
A deficiency in its early stages, when few or no symptoms are observed.
A scientific consensus, based on data drawn from repeated experiments, as to why a phenomenon occurs.
tolerable upper intake level (ul)
The highest average daily nutrient intake level likely to pose no risk of adverse health effects to almost all individuals in a particular life stage and gender group.
Minerals we need to consume in amounts less than 100 mg per day and of which the total amount in our body is less than 5 g (5,000 mg).
A situation in which too little energy or too few nutrients are consumed over time, causing significant weight loss or a nutrient deficiency disease.
Vitamins that are soluble in water. These include vitamin C and the B-vitamins.
A multidimensional, lifelong process that includes physical, emotional, and spiritual health.
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