Terms in this set (16)

  • How many court systems are there is the US?
    two
  • structure of the national judiciary
    1. duel court system 2. inferior courts and lower federal courts 3. constitutional courts and special courts (fed) 4. three federal courts levels
  • types of jurisdiction
    1. exclusive, when they can be tried only in federal courts 2. concurrent, federal and state courts share power to hear cases.
  • interior courts
    the lower federal courts, beneath the supreme court
  • jurisdiction
    the authority of a court to hear a case
  • concurrent jurisdiction
    the federal and state courts share the power to hear cases
  • the plaintiff
    the person who files the suit
  • the defendant
    the person whom the complaint is made
  • original jurisdiction
    had by the court who first heard the case
  • appellate jurisdiction
    had by a court that hears a case on appeal from a lower court
  • judicial restraint
    believes that judges should decide cases on the basis of the original intent of the framers or those who enacted the statute involved in a case and precedent.
  • precedent
    a judicial decision that serves as a guide for settling later cases of a similar nature
  • judicial activism
    people who take a much broader view of judicial power.
  • what is the difference between original and appellate jurisdiction?
    one court is high, one is low.
  • what role should judicial philosophy play in the selection of judges?
    the president selects the judge, he usually chooses which ever one the senate recommends.
  • what are the requirements for being a judge?
    must have an educational or a professional background in the law.