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38 terms

Poetry_Terms

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Iambic Meter
two syllable foot with the stress on the second syllable
Trochee Meter
two syllable foot with the stress on the first syllable followed by a unstressed
Anapest Meter
three syllable foot with the stress on the last syllable
Dactyl Meter
three syllable foot with the stress on the first syllable
Spondee Meter
two syllable foot with both syllables stressed
Pyrrhic Meter
two syllable foot with both syllables unstressed
Rhymed form
consists of verse with end rhyme and usually with a regular meter
Blank verse
consists of lines of iambic pentameter without end rhyme
Free Verse
consists of lines that do not have a regular meter and do not contain rhyme
End Rhyme
rhyme on the end of sentences
Internal Rhyme
rhyme inside of the line
Masculine rhyme
occurs when one syllable of a word rhymes with another word (bend and send, bright and light
Feminine/ Double rhyme
occurs when the last two syllables of a word rhyme with another word (lawful and awful, lighting and fighting, rattling and battling).
Triple rhyme
occurs when the last three syllables of a word or line rhyme (victorious and glorious, ascendency and descendency, quivering and shivering, battering and shattering
Alliteration
the repetition of the initial letter or sound in two or more words in a line of verse.
Onomatopoeia
the use of a word to represent or imitate natural sounds (buzz, crunch, gurgle, sizzle).
Assonance
the similarity or repetition of a vowel sound in two or more words- also known as partial or near rhyme.
Consonance
the repetition of consonant sounds within a line of verse.
Refrain
the repetition of one or more phrases or lines at intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza. often takes the form of a chorus.
Repetition
the reiterating of a word or phrase within a poem.
Simile
Comparison between two things suing the words "like," "as," or "than." (He is sleeping like a log, The ball was thrown like a bullet.)
Metaphor
implicit comparison between two unrelated things without the use of the words "like," "as," or "than." (All the world's a stage, Life's a short summer, man a flower.)
Personification
the giving of human characteristics to inanimate objects, ideas or animals (anthropomorphism). (The wind whistled, The waves beside them danced...)
Synecdoche
the technique of mentioning a part of something to represent the whole. (All hands on deck- hands=sailors, Give us this day our daily bread- bread= food, sustenance)
Metonymy
the substitution of a word naming an object for anther word closely associated with it. (Pay tribute to the crown- crown=king, The White House has decided- White House= President, the pen is mightier than the sword- pen=reason, sword= brawn)
Hyperbole
exaggeration for the sake of emphasis and is not to be taken literally. (Sweat to death, as old as time, million times a day...)
Litotes
the opposite of a hyperbole; an understatement achieved by saying the opposite of what one means or my making an affirmation by stating the fact in the negative. (to call a fat boy "Skinny" is an example or a slow girl "Speedy.")
Antithesis
a balancing or contrasting of one term against another. (Man proposes. God disposes- Pope/ Fair is foul, and foul is fair.- Shakespeare)
Apostrophe
addressing of someone or something, usually not present, as though present.
Symbol
a concrete object that represents an abstract idea. (cross, donkey and elephant)
monometer
1 foot line
dimeter
2 foot line
trimeter
3 foot line
tetrameter
4 foot line
pentameter
5 foot line
hexameter
6 foot line
heptameter
7 foot line
octometer
8 foot line