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Iambic Meter

two syllable foot with the stress on the second syllable

Trochee Meter

two syllable foot with the stress on the first syllable followed by a unstressed

Anapest Meter

three syllable foot with the stress on the last syllable

Dactyl Meter

three syllable foot with the stress on the first syllable

Spondee Meter

two syllable foot with both syllables stressed

Pyrrhic Meter

two syllable foot with both syllables unstressed

Rhymed form

consists of verse with end rhyme and usually with a regular meter

Blank verse

consists of lines of iambic pentameter without end rhyme

Free Verse

consists of lines that do not have a regular meter and do not contain rhyme

End Rhyme

rhyme on the end of sentences

Internal Rhyme

rhyme inside of the line

Masculine rhyme

occurs when one syllable of a word rhymes with another word (bend and send, bright and light

Feminine/ Double rhyme

occurs when the last two syllables of a word rhyme with another word (lawful and awful, lighting and fighting, rattling and battling).

Triple rhyme

occurs when the last three syllables of a word or line rhyme (victorious and glorious, ascendency and descendency, quivering and shivering, battering and shattering


the repetition of the initial letter or sound in two or more words in a line of verse.


the use of a word to represent or imitate natural sounds (buzz, crunch, gurgle, sizzle).


the similarity or repetition of a vowel sound in two or more words- also known as partial or near rhyme.


the repetition of consonant sounds within a line of verse.


the repetition of one or more phrases or lines at intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza. often takes the form of a chorus.


the reiterating of a word or phrase within a poem.


Comparison between two things suing the words "like," "as," or "than." (He is sleeping like a log, The ball was thrown like a bullet.)


implicit comparison between two unrelated things without the use of the words "like," "as," or "than." (All the world's a stage, Life's a short summer, man a flower.)


the giving of human characteristics to inanimate objects, ideas or animals (anthropomorphism). (The wind whistled, The waves beside them danced...)


the technique of mentioning a part of something to represent the whole. (All hands on deck- hands=sailors, Give us this day our daily bread- bread= food, sustenance)


the substitution of a word naming an object for anther word closely associated with it. (Pay tribute to the crown- crown=king, The White House has decided- White House= President, the pen is mightier than the sword- pen=reason, sword= brawn)


exaggeration for the sake of emphasis and is not to be taken literally. (Sweat to death, as old as time, million times a day...)


the opposite of a hyperbole; an understatement achieved by saying the opposite of what one means or my making an affirmation by stating the fact in the negative. (to call a fat boy "Skinny" is an example or a slow girl "Speedy.")


a balancing or contrasting of one term against another. (Man proposes. God disposes- Pope/ Fair is foul, and foul is fair.- Shakespeare)


addressing of someone or something, usually not present, as though present.


a concrete object that represents an abstract idea. (cross, donkey and elephant)


1 foot line


2 foot line


3 foot line


4 foot line


5 foot line


6 foot line


7 foot line


8 foot line

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