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60 terms

Chapter 1 Terms

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abdominopelvic
body cavity that contains abdominal organs -- stomach, liver, gall bladder, spleen, small intestine, large intestine. Pelvic portion contains the terminal part of the large intestine, the rectum, urinary bladder and internal female reproductive organs, ovaries, uterus, oviducts.
anabolism
linking together small molecules to make larger ones. This requires the input of energy, that is utilized from catabolic reactions.
anatomy
the study of structure
antebrachial
anatomical term pertaining to the front of the arm.
antecubital
anatomical term pertaining to the front of the lower arm (in front of the elbow)
anterior
directional term that means towards the front. (i.e.) The heart is anterior to the spinal cord. i.e. ventral
axillary
anatomical term meaning armpit.
bilateral
directional term meaning structures on both sides of the midline. The hands are bilateral.
brachial
anatomical term pertaining to the arm
bucchal
anatomical term pertaining to the cheek.
calcaneal
anatomical term pertaining to the heel
carpal
anatomical term pertaining to the wrist
catabolism
breaking down large molecules or macromolecules into smaller ones. The breaking of bonds in the large molecules, liberates energy to fuel anabolic reactions
caudal
directional term meaning away from the head. Usually used in four-legged animals.
cephalad
directional term meaning towards the head. Usually used in four-legged animals.
cervical
anatomical term pertaining to the neck
clavicular
anatomical term pertaining to the collar bone
contralateral
directional term that means on different sides of the midline. The right shoulder and left hip are contralateral to each other.
coxal
anatomical term for the hip
cranial
directional term meaning towards the head. Usually used in four legged animals.
deep
directional term that means away from the surface. She has a deep cut on her hand.
deltoid
referring to the top or curve of the shoulder
distal
directional term that means farther away from. It is used in relation to the limbs and their attachment site to the body. In reference to the hips, the knee is proximal, the ankle is distal.
dorsal
directional term that means towards the back. usually used in quadripeds (four-legged animals) i.e. posterior
femoral
anatomical term pertaining to the thigh
frontal
anatomical term pertaining to the forehead
homeostasis
keeping the body within certain boundaries or physiological limits. (i.e. temperature, pH, blood pressure)
inferior
directional term for below. (i.e.) The mouth is inferior to the nose.
inguinal
anatomical term for the groin or pelvic area
ipsilateral
directional term meaning on the same side of the midline. The right wrist and right knee are ipsilateral.
lateral
directional term meaning away from the middle or midline. The ears are lateral to the nose.
lingual
anatomical term that means pertaining to the tongue
lumbar
anatomical term for the loin or lower back
medial
directional term that means towards the middle or towards the midline. The nose is medial to the ears.
mental
anatomical term pertaining to the chin
metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body.
midline
an imaginary line that divides the body in to equal right and left sides.
nasal
anatomical term pertaining to the nose
nuchal
pertaining to the back of the neck
occipital
anatomical term for the back of the head
olecranal
anatomical term pertaining to the elbow.
orbital
anatomical term pertaining to the eye or eye socket
palmar
anatomical term dealing with the anterior side of the hand
patellar
anatomical term for the anterior knee
pectoral
anatomical term pertaining to the chest
phlanges
anatomical term for the fingers and toes. also digits is used.
physiology
the study of function
plantar
anatomical term pertaining to the sole of the foot
popliteal
anatomical term for the posterior knee
posterior
directional term that means towards the back. (i.e.) The spinal cord is posterior to the heart. i.e. dorsal
proximal
directional term that means closer to. This is used in relationship to arms and legs and their attachment site to the body. For example. In reference to the shoulder, the elbow is proximal, the wrist is distal.
scapular
anatomical term pertaining to the shoulder blade
sternal
anatomical term pertaining to the breastbone or sternum
superficial
directional term that means towards the surface. He has a superficial cut. (like a paper cut)
superior
is the directional term for above. (i.e.) the nose is superior to the mouth.
sural
anatomical term for the calf (posterior lower leg)
tarsal
anatomical term pertaining to the ankle.
temporal
anatomical term for the side of the head.
thoracic
body cavity containing esophagus, heart, lungs, great vessels, bronchi, and trachea. Protected by ribs, vertebra, the sternum. Inferior boundary is the diaphragm
ventral
directional term meaning towards the front, but usually used in quadripeds (four-legged animals) Same as anterior.