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body cavity that contains abdominal organs -- stomach, liver, gall bladder, spleen, small intestine, large intestine. Pelvic portion contains the terminal part of the large intestine, the rectum, urinary bladder and internal female reproductive organs, ovaries, uterus, oviducts.
linking together small molecules to make larger ones. This requires the input of energy, that is utilized from catabolic reactions.
directional term that means towards the front. (i.e.) The heart is anterior to the spinal cord. i.e. ventral
directional term meaning structures on both sides of the midline. The hands are bilateral.
breaking down large molecules or macromolecules into smaller ones. The breaking of bonds in the large molecules, liberates energy to fuel anabolic reactions
directional term that means on different sides of the midline. The right shoulder and left hip are contralateral to each other.
directional term that means farther away from. It is used in relation to the limbs and their attachment site to the body. In reference to the hips, the knee is proximal, the ankle is distal.
directional term that means towards the back. usually used in quadripeds (four-legged animals) i.e. posterior
keeping the body within certain boundaries or physiological limits. (i.e. temperature, pH, blood pressure)
directional term meaning on the same side of the midline. The right wrist and right knee are ipsilateral.
directional term that means towards the middle or towards the midline. The nose is medial to the ears.
directional term that means towards the back. (i.e.) The spinal cord is posterior to the heart. i.e. dorsal
directional term that means closer to. This is used in relationship to arms and legs and their attachment site to the body. For example. In reference to the shoulder, the elbow is proximal, the wrist is distal.
directional term that means towards the surface. He has a superficial cut. (like a paper cut)
body cavity containing esophagus, heart, lungs, great vessels, bronchi, and trachea. Protected by ribs, vertebra, the sternum. Inferior boundary is the diaphragm
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