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Module 4 - Rockets
Terms in this set (62)
first man to walk on the moon
increased the range of rockets
designed rockets for military use
Improved the accuracy of rockets by launching them through tubes
A russian; the first man in space and the first man to orbit the earth
First American to orbit the earth
Experimented with solid and liquid propellant rockets; is called the "Father of Modern Rocketry"
Developed the technique of spin stabilization
Developed the first rocket engine
The leading Soviet rocket scientist; known as the "Father of the Soviet Space Program"
Laid scientific foundation for modern rocketry with his laws of motion
Sir Isaac Newton
Space pioneer; wrote a book about rocket travel into outer space
First American in space
First US space station
A space transportation system for traveling to space and back to earth
A technique developed by Englishman, William Hale, wherein escaping gases in a rocket hit small vanes that made the rocket spin, and stabilize, much like a bullet in flight
First artificial satellite; Russian
Proposed the use of rockets for space exploration and became known as the "Father of Modern Astronautics"
Director of the V-2 rocket project
Wernher von Braun
The history of rockets began around _____ when a Greek named Archytas built a flying wooden pigeon
What year did Goddard achieve the first successful flight with a liquid- propellant rocket?
When did Apollo 11 land on the moon?
July 20, 1969
The rate of change in velocity with respect to time
Provides the shaped of the rocket, within which all of the other systems are contained
Steers the rocket and keeps it stable
Gets the rocket to its destination; the brain of the rocket
The tendency of an object at rest and an object in motion to stay in motion
A body at rest remains at rest and a body in motion tends to stay in motion at a constant velocity unless acted on by an outside force; inertia
Newton's First Law of Motion
The rate of change in the momentum of a body is proportional to the force acting upon the body and is in the direction of the force
Newton's Second Law of Motion
For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction
Newton's Third Law of Motion
What the rocket is carrying
To force or push; the amount of push used to get a rocket traveling upwards
The driver of a car called the "Blue Flame"
On October 28, 1970, the Blue Flame set the land speed record of
622.407 miles per hour
What was the largest hybrid rocket ever designed in the United Kingdom?
Aircraft with suborbital capability
SpaceShipOne's successor that could possibly offer the general public space travel
In 1995, who created an award called the "Ansari X-Prize" that would encourage private space flight?
Peter H. Diamandis
What is the name of the location that fit all the criteria the BLOODHOUND team needed to make their attempt on the world land speed record?
Hakskeen Pan, South Africa
Everything associated with propelling the rocket
What year did John Glenn orbit the earth?
on January 31, 1958, what spacecraft did the US launch?
What missions were aimed at expanding our experience in space and preparing the US for a manned lunar landing on the moon?
Owner of the Virgin Galactic company
Sir Richard Branson
who improved forms of gunpowder?
who believed that multistage rockets were the answer for achieving high altitudes?
what is the rocket system that lifts a spacecraft?
the Apollo space program started in ____ and ended in ____
Skylab was launched in
What is the official name of the Space Shuttle?
Space Transportation System (STS)
What laws laid the scientific foundation for rockets and aid tremendously in explaining how rockets work?
Newton's laws of motion
what was the date when the Blue Flame set the land speed record?
October 28, 1970
On October 15, 1997, what was the name of the super sonic car that broke the official world record?
Where did the Thrust SSC break the land speed record?
Black Rock Desert, Nevada
What was the land speed record of the Thrust SSC?
At speed, the Thrust SSC is going how many feet per second?
What is the name of the hybrid rocket motor that is used by SpaceShipTwo?
Where will the first space base be located?
What was the date the Soviet Union launched the first articial satellite, Sputnik I, into space?
October 4, 1957
What is the date the US launched Explorer I?
January 31, 1958
What are the three SSC's mentioned in this module?
Blue Flame, Thrust SSC, Bloodhound SSC
Who led the British team that designed and built the Thrust SSC?
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