18 terms

Byzantine Empire, Russia, Mongols

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dowry
the money or goods that a woman bought for her husband when married
Greek fire
a flammable liquid that was sprayed over enemy ships or hurled at them in cartridges
patriarchs
bishops of empire cities
icons
Greek word meaning "portrait"
iconoclasts
people who felt that the presence of icons constituted idol worship and should be suppressed
iconoclastic controversy
debate between opponents and defenders of icons in the Byzantine Church; one of the issues that led to the split of the Christian church in 1054
heresy
an opinion that conflicted with church doctrine
excommunication
barring a person from being a member of the church and excluding him or her from sacred church ceremonies
mosaics
pictures or designs composed of inlaid pieces of stone, glass, or enamel
Hagia Sophia
the Cathedral of Holy Wisdom in Constantinople, built by order of the Byzantine emperor Justinian
corpus juris civilis
the body of civil law in the Byzantine Empire created by Justinian's jurists; composed of the Code, Digest, and Institutes
steppe
grassy largely treeless plain
boyars
Russian nobles
Pravda Russkaia
the first Russian law code
metropolitan
the chief bishop
taiga
zone with great forests
czar
Russian word for caesar
"third Rome"
Moscow