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Byzantine Empire, Russia, Mongols
the money or goods that a woman bought for her husband when married
a flammable liquid that was sprayed over enemy ships or hurled at them in cartridges
bishops of empire cities
Greek word meaning "portrait"
people who felt that the presence of icons constituted idol worship and should be suppressed
debate between opponents and defenders of icons in the Byzantine Church; one of the issues that led to the split of the Christian church in 1054
an opinion that conflicted with church doctrine
barring a person from being a member of the church and excluding him or her from sacred church ceremonies
pictures or designs composed of inlaid pieces of stone, glass, or enamel
the Cathedral of Holy Wisdom in Constantinople, built by order of the Byzantine emperor Justinian
corpus juris civilis
the body of civil law in the Byzantine Empire created by Justinian's jurists; composed of the Code, Digest, and Institutes
grassy largely treeless plain
the first Russian law code
the chief bishop
zone with great forests
Russian word for caesar