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5th Grade Matter & Energy Vocabulary
Matter and Energy Vocabulary (+ Heat): Unit/EOG Review...def. Harcourt
Terms in this set (41)
anything that has mass and takes up space.
characteristics of a substance that can be observed or measured without changing the substance into something else.
amount of matter in an object--measured on a balance.
measure of the pull of gravity on an object--measured on a spring scale.
the amount of space an object takes up.
the concentration of matter in an object.
a substance's ability to be dissolved.
combination of two or more different kinds of matter, each of which keeps its own physical properties; they can be easily separated.
a type of mixture in which particles are evenly mixed; they cannot be easily separated.
has a definite shape and a definite volume.
has a definite volume but no definite shape.
does not have a definite shape or a definite volume.
changing of a substance from a liquid to a solid.
changing of a substance from a liquid to a gas.
changing of a substance from a solid to a liquid.
occurs when particles escape from a non-boiling liquid and become a gas.
changes a substance from a gas to a liquid.
change in state from a solid to a gas.
type of change where no new substance is formed. (example: tearing a piece of paper)
type of change where a whole new substance is formed. (example: paper burning)
the ability of a substance to react chemically.
the chemical property to be able to burn.
law of conservation of matter
states that matter is neither created or destroyed during a chemical or a physical change.
the ability to cause changes in matter.
the energy of motion, or energy in use.
energy an object has because of its position or condition.
transformation of energy
the change of energy between kinetic and potential.
law of conservation of energy
states that energy cannot be created or destroyed.
the kinetic energy of molecules.
the average kinetic energy of all the molecules in an object.
transfer of thermal energy from one substance to another. (warmer-colder)
direct transfer of heat through objects that touch.
materials that conduct heat easily, such as metal.
materials that conduct heat poorly, such as rubber.
heat transfer as a result of the mixing of a liquid or a gas.
transfer of thermal energy through electromagnetic waves. (transfers heat through space)
a measure of how much a substance will stretch or change shape when forced, but return to its original shape when the force is taken away.
data from counting or measuring. (numbers)
data that is descriptive.
the process of water moving through plants back into the atmosphere.
the transfer of water through the atmosphere and Earth.