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WHITE MOD VOCAB#2

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Cardiovascular system
System that contains the heart and blood vessels
Heart
Muscle that pumps blood
Atrium
Upper chamber of the heart
Ventricle
Lower chamber of the heart
Aorta
Largest artery of the body
Inferior vena cava
Largest vein in the body
Artery
Carries oxygenated blood away from that heart to the body tissues
Arteriole
Small artery
Venule
Small vein
Vein
Carries blood from the body tissues to the heart
Valve
Tissue that prevents backflow of blood
Cardiomyopathy
Disease of the heart muscle
Cardiology
Study of the heart
Cardiologist
A physican who studies the heart
Cardiomegaly
Enlargement of the heart
Cardionecrosis
Death of heart tissue
Cardiorrhaphy
Suturing of the heart
Cardiotherapy
Treatment of heart disease
Cardiotomy
Incision of the heart
Cardioplasty
Surgical repair of the heart
Carditis
Inflammation of the heart
Venous
Pertaining to a vein
Arterial
Pertaining to an artery
Venous thrombosis
Blood clot in a vein
MI
Myocardial infarction
CAD
Coronary artery disease
CABG
Coronary artery bypass graft
CHF
Congestive heart failure
COPD
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
ECG
Electrocardiogram
CICU
Coronary Intensive Care Unit
CPR
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
FBAO
Foreign Body Airway Obstruction
BLS
Basic Life Support
AHA
American Heart Association
AED
Automated External Defibrillator
PE
Pulmonary embolism
EMS
Emergency Medical Services
ASA
American Stroke Association
Auscultation
To listen
Aneurysm
Ballooning of a blood vessel
Arteriosclerosis
Hardening of an artery
Arrhythmia
Irregular heart rhythm
Arteriography
Process of x-raying an artery
Venography
Process of x-raying a vein
Ischemia
Inadequate blood supply to an organ
Cerebrovascular accident
A stroke
Antihypertensive
A medication used to reduce high blood pressure
Holter monitor
A small portable monitor worn by a patient to detect a cardiac arrhythmia
Hypercholesterolemia
An excessive ammount of cholesterol in the blood
Phlebitis
Inflammation of a vein
Hypoxemia
Decrease of oxygen in the blood
Occlusion
Blockage
Apnea
Absence of breathing
Dyspnea
Difficulty breathing
Electrocardiogram
A record of the electrical activity of the heart
Stress test
Measures the efficiency of the heart during exercise
Pulmonary
Pertaining to the lungs
Echocardiography
Process of recording the sounds of the heart
Defibrillator
Device that delivers a shock to the heart
Embolus
A floating blood clot
Cardiac catheterization
A flexible tube is placed into the heart to check blood flow and the condtion of the coronary arteries
Stenosis
Narrowing
Angioplasty
Surgical repair of a blood vessel
Congenital heart defect
A heart abnormality present at birth