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Terms in this set (48)
The invasion and proliferation of microorganisms in body tissue with the potential to affect nearly every body system.
The intent of standard precautions:
To reduce the risk of transmission of micro-organisms from both recognized and unrecognized sources of infection in healthcare settings.
Are designed for patients suspected to be infected with highly transmissible pathogens.
Measures taken to prevent the spread of diseases transmitted from an infected person by pathogens propelled through the air on particles smaller than 5um in size to a susceptible person's eyes, nose, or mouth.
A type of protein the immune system produces to neutralize a threat of some kind, such as an infecting organism, a chemical, or some other foreign body.
Able to destroy or suppress the growth of pathogens and other micro-organisms
A substance that reduces the number of pathogens present on a surface.
Methods used to assume that an environment is as pathogen-free as possible.
As patogen-free as possible.
The inhibition of further bacterial growth.
An antibacterial compound with substantial residual activity that is used as a liquid antiseptic and disinfectant.
Measures taken to prevent the spread of diseases transmitted by the physical transfer of pathogens to a susceptible host's body surface.
The process of becoming unsterile or unclean
Any chemical agent used to destroy or inhibit the growth of harmful organisms.
Measures taken to prevent the spread of diseases transmitted from an infected person by pathogens propelled through the air on particles larger than 5um in size to a susceptible person's eyes, nose, or mouth.
Prevalent in or characteristic of a particular environment.
Produced within an organism or system rather than externally caused.
Extremely prevalent or widespread.
Externally caused rather than produced within an organism or system.
The aggregate of bacteria, fungi, and other micro-organisms normally found in a particular environment, such as the gastrointestinal tract or the skin.
At an especially high level of continued incidence in a population.
The inhibition of the body's protective response to pathogenic invasion, usually as a result of disease, drug therapy, or surgery.
Invasion and proliferation of pathogens in body tissues.
The separation of an infected person from others for the period of communicability of a particular disease.
A milky fluid produced by rubber trees that is processed into a variety of products, including gloves used for patient care
Infection-control practices common in healthcare, such as basic handwashing.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
A strain of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus that has become resistant to the antibacterial action of the antibiotic methicillin, a form of penicillin.
Any disease-producing agent, especially a virus, bacterium, or fungus.
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
Devices used to protect employees from workplace injuries or illnesses resulting from biological, chemical, radiological, physical, electric, mechanical, or other workplace hazards.
Pertaining to or caused by pneumococci, organisms of the species Streptococcus pneumoniae, a common cause of pneumonia and other infectious diseases.
Any of a large group of RNA-based viruses that tend to infect immunocompromised individuals, including the human immunodeficiency virus and many cancer-causing viruses.
The presence in blood or other tissues of pathogens or their toxins.
Measures designed to prevent the transmission of organisms and used for all patients in healthcare facilities regardless of diagnosis or infection status.
A genus of gram-positive bacteria that are potential pathogens, causing local lesions and serious opportunistic infections.
Techniques used to destroy all pathogenic organisms, also called sterile technique.
Measures taken to prevent the spread of diseases from people suspected to be infected or colonized with highly transmissible pathogens that require measures beyond standard precautions to interrupt transmission, specifically, airborne, droplet, and contact precautions.
Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA)
A strain of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus that has become resistant to the antibacterial action of the antibiotic vancomycin
What food allergies may indicate a latex allergy?
Kiwi, papayas, avocados, bananas, potatoes, and tomatoes.
What are three common reactions to latex products?
Describe irritant contact dermatitis.
Areas of the skin, typically the hands, become dry, itchy, and irritated. This can be due to workplace products, chemicals, incomplete handwashing, frequent handwashing, or exposure to powders added to latex gloves.
Describe chemical-sensitivity dermatitis.
When chemicals make contact with the skin through harvesting, processing, or manufacturing and cause reactions. They typically develop 24-48 hours after contact and may become oozing skin blisters or spread.
What is the cause of a latex allergy?
There is a protein found within rubber that people are allergic to.
How does latex become airborne?
Workers changing their gloves cause the powder to become airborne, leading to respiratory issues.
How do you prevent a latex reaction?
Use non latex gloves for activities that do not involve infectious material.
Request non-latex, powder-free, reduced-protein gloves that protect against infectious material.
Avoid oil-based creams/lotions while using latex gloves to avoid breaking them down.
Wash and dry hands thoroughly after wearing them.
What should documentation for infection control include?
Infection control measures used
clean or sterile gloves used
if the patient has a latex sensitivity or allergy
the patient's response to care
any specimens and cultures obtained and sent to lab
disposal precautions used
type of isolation protocol used.
Describe airborne precautions.
Smaller droplets remain airborne for longer, after shacking a contaminated object or coughing.
A negative airflow isolation room is required.
PPE include a N95.
Describe droplet precautions.
Large droplets expelled into the air that travel 3-6 feet require droplet precautions.
A surgical mask must be worn within 3 ft.
Describe contact precautions.
Direct contact by handling body fluids.
Touching instruments that are contaminated.
Private room; PEE includes glove and gown.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AMBULATION, TRANSFERRING, ROM
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