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Social Psychology Chapter 2: Doing Social Psychology Research
For McGill PSYC 215: Social Psychology.
Terms in this set (27)
The degree to which there can be reasonable certainty that the independent variables in an experiment caused the effects obtained on the dependent variables.
An organized set of principles used to explain observed phenomena.
A disclosure made to participants after research procedures are completed in which the researcher explains the purpose of the research, attempts to resolve any negative feelings, and emphasizes the scientific contribution made by participants' participation.
The degree to which experimental procedures are involving to participants and lead them to behave naturally and spontaneously.
Research designed to measure the association between variables that are not manipulated by the researcher.
In an experiment, the factors experimenters measure to see if they are affected by the independent variables.
The degree to which the experimental situation resembles places and events that exist in the real world.
The degree to which different observers agree on their observations.
A set of statistical procedures used to review a body of evidence by combining the results of individual studies to measure the overall reliability and strength of particular effects.
A testable prediction about the conditions under which an event will occur.
A form of research that can demonstrate causal relationships because (1) the experimenter has control over the events that occur and (2) the participants are randomly assigned to conditions.
A method of selecting participants for a study so that everyone in a population has an equal chance of being in the study.
Research whose goal is to increase the understanding of human behavior, often by testing hypotheses based on a theory.
experimenter expectancy effects
The effects produced when an experimenter's expectations about the results of an experiment affect his or her behavior toward a participant and thereby influence the participant's responses.
A method of assigning participants to the various conditions of an experiment so that each participant in the experiment has an equal chance of being in any of the conditions.
Variables that characterize pre-existing differences among the participants in a study.
Research methods that provide false information to participants.
The degree to which one can be reasonably confident that the same results would be obtained for other people and in other situations.
A statistical measure of the strength and direction of the association between two variables. The correlation coefficient can range from -1.0 to +1.0.
An individual's deliberate, voluntary decision to participate in research, based on the researcher's description of what will be required during such participation.
In an experiment, the factors experimenters manipulate to see if they affect the dependent variables.
The extent to which the measures used in a study measure the variables they were designed to measure and the manipulations in an experiment manipulate the variables they were designed to manipulate.
Research whose goal is to enlarge the understanding of naturally occurring events and to find solutions to practical problems.
Accomplices of an experimenter who, in dealing with the real participants in an experiment, act as if they also are participants.
The specific procedures for manipulating or measuring a conceptual variable.
A statistical term indicating the overall effect that an independent variable has on the dependent variable, ignoring all other independent variables.
A statistical term indicating that the effect that an independent variable has on the dependent variable is different as a function of another independent variable.
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