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Preparatory material for ABMA board exam.


Basis of all Vital Substances (transforming, transporting, nourishing, warming and protecting)


Essence (Pre-heaven: inherited from parents as constitutional makeup. Post-heaven: derived from food and air. Both are basis of Kidney Qi)


Blood (Qi generates and moves Blood. Blood nourishes Qi).


Body Fluids (Jin fluids are tears, saliva, sweat, mucus. Ye liquids are CSF, joint fluid)


Mind, Spirit (Essence and Qi are material foundations of Shen. Essence, Qi and Shen are called the Three Treasures)

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