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financial needs analysis
a process that identifies survivors' immediate cash needs and ongoing income needs, and assumes that life insurance proceeds will be liquidated to meet them; used to determine how much life insurance a person needs
capital needs analysis
based on the financial needs analysis, but assumes that beneficiaries' needs will be met using the ongoing interest earned from the policy principle
net payment cost index
the cost of insurance protection based on the assumption that the insured dies at the end of the policy's 20th year
a presentation or depiction that includes nonguaranteed elements of a life policy over a period of years
the IRS allows a policyowner to leverage tax advantages when terminating one life policy for a "like policy" with the same insured and policyowner
rate-up age method
determining a premium for a substandard applicant by calculating the rate for an older person (that reflects the true mortality risk)
extra percentage tables
the most common method of applying additional risk factors onto a substandard applicant in order to calculate the higher necessary premium; typically adds 3-12% to the standard rate
a reduction in the death benefit for the beginning of a policy where an applicant has a temporary risk that would otherwise cause him or her to have a higher rate (e.g. a serious illness that should be recoverable); after the initial period the lien is removed and the death benefit is restored to "normal"
the sale of a terminally ill insured's life insurance policy in exchange for a percentage of the face amount
stranger-oriented life insurance (STOLI)
an agreement in which a speculator initiates coverage on older persons and funds the premiums; the goal is to make a profit via the death benefit
key employee life insurance
policy purchased by a company to recover from the loss of an important employee
a contract that binds the owner of a business interest to sell it upon death to a buyer for a determined price
a contract among owners of a business in which the surviving owners will buy out the shares of an owner who dies (and the owner's estate must agree to sell)
each stockholder is a buyer and a purchaser, and owners must buy a portion of a deceased owner's share; owners typically carry life policies on the other owners in an appropriate amount
Sec. 79 plan
The section of the IRS tax code that gives favorable tax treatment for money spent by businesses on group life benefits
split-dollar life insurance
a permanent life insurance plan frequently offered as an executive benefit before 2003; the employee and the company split the premiums 50/50
if a policy is transferred from one owner to another for valuable consideration, the income tax exclusion is lost
cash value accumulation test
the cash value cannot exceed the net single premium that would be needed to fund the policy's death benefit
guideline premium and corridor test
limits the amount of premium that can be paid into the policy during any one time period, and the death benefit cannot exceed a multiple of its cash value at all times
modified endowment contract (MEC)
a life policy that fails the 7-pay test; a policy accepts too much premium (compared to the death benefit) during the first 7 years of the policy or after a material change in the policy
a completed transfer and acceptance of property (including money), and a transfer for less than full and adequate consideration
property in the state upon death, as well property transferable upon death by other means (e.g. life insurance)
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