I - Acute
increased temperature, increased hair and nail growth, increased blood flow, rubor, edema, decreased range of motion; may last up to 3 months.
II - Dystrophic
hyperesthesia, cold intolerance, decreased temperature, decreased hair growth, brittle nails, pale limb(s), cyanotic, demineralized bone
NSAIDs, propranolol, nifedipine, reserpine, guanethidine, prednisone, antidepressants, antiarrhythmics, anticonvulsants, phenothiazines, gabapentin