102 terms

Review

Church of Scientology Unification Church of Sun Myung Moon People's Temple Evangelicalism Billy Graham Oral Roberts Jerry Falwell Moral Majority Christian Coalition Pat Robertson Mormons "New Right" Ronald Reagan "Tax Revolt" Election of 1980 President Ronald Reagan "Reagan Revolution" "Reagan Coalition" "Neo-Conservatives" "Reaganomics"/Supply-side economics Deregulation National Debt Reagan & Welfare Programs Israeli Invasion of Lebanon 1982 Beirut Bombing 1983 Election of 1984 Walt…
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Church of Scientology
Founded in 1954 by l.Ron Hubbard. Today it claims to have ten million members in about 159 countries. There are several centers for scientologists. Major centers in L.A and Clearwater. Scientology is popular with celebrities and the super rich.
Unification Church of Sun Myung Moon
Started a church which unified and was ope and accepting
People's Temple
founded in 1955 by jim joes, 3000 members, reputation for social aid programs; jonestown massare offered followers to drink poision laced flavor-aid
Evangelicalism
Style of Christian ministry that includes much zeal and enthusiasm. Emphasizes personal conversion and faith rather than religious ritual
Billy Graham
An Evangelist fundamentalism preacher who gained a wide following in the 1950s with his appearances across the country and overseas during and after the war.
Oral Roberts
This American Pentecostal televangelist was famous for his healing ministry and the university he founded in Tulsa.
Jerry Falwell
Leader of the Religious Right Fundamentalist Christians, a group that supported Reagan; rallying cry was "family values", anti-abortion, favored prayer in schools
Moral Majority
"Born-Again" Christians become politically active. The majority of Americans are moral people, and therefore are a political force.
Christian Coalition
conservative religious group in the 1990s that attracted an enormous amount of media attention and became a prominent force in many national, state, and local elections
Pat Robertson
A television evangelist who organized the Christian Coalition to replace Jerry Falwell's Moral Majority as the flagship organization of the resurgent religious right.
Mormons
Church founded by Joseph Smith in 1830 with headquarters in Salt Lake City, Utah, religious group that emphasized moderation, saving, hard work, and risk-taking; moved from IL to UT
"New Right"
Conservative political movements in industrialized democracies that have arisen since the 1960's and stress "traditional values," often with a racist undertone.
Ronald Reagan
No Definition Needed
"Tax Revolt"
-protest in california that slashed property taxes and forced painful cuts in gov service
Election of 1980
Ronald Reagan won over Jimmy Carter because of the Iranian hostage crisis and America's stagflation.
President Ronald Reagan
See Above
"Reagan Revolution"
pioneered by Ronald Reagan who cut spending food stamps and job programs, rose federal spending drastically, and gave tax cuts to the wealthy to stimulate the economy; a huge gap would form between rich and poor
"Reagan Coalition"
Reagens people that helped him
"Neo-Conservatives"
supporting free-market capitalism, questioning liberal welfare programs and affirmative-action policies, and calling for reassertion of traditional values of individualism and the centrality of family.
"Reaganomics"
The federal economic polices of the Reagan administration, elected in 1981. These policies combined a monetarist fiscal policy, supply-side tax cuts, and domestic budget cutting. Their goal was to reduce the size of the federal government and stimulate economic growth.
Deregulation
A policy promoting cutbacks in the amount of Federal regulation in specific areas of economic activity.
National Debt
the debt of the national government (as distinguished from the debts of individuals and businesses and political subdivisions)
Reagan & Welfare Programs
Reagen wanted to majorly reform them
Israeli Invasion of Lebanon 1982
The Government of Israel launched the military operation after the Abu Nidal Organization's assassination attempt against Israel's ambassador to the United Kingdom, Shlomo Argov.
Beirut Bombing 1983
After this bomb left 24 marines dead, Reagan withdrew American forced from Lebanon. This new rise in terrorism showed how weak groups furthered their goals.
Election of 1984
Reagan ran against Walter Mondale , who chose Geraldine Ferraro the 1st woman for VP. Reagan won by a landslide with 525 electoral votes
Walter Mondale
He was the vice president of Carter and when he won the democratic nomination he was defeated by a landslide by Reagan. He was the first presidential candidate to have a woman vice president, Geraldine Ferraro.
Geraldine Ferraro
In 1984 she was the first woman to appear on a major-party presidential ticket. She was a congresswoman running for Vice President with Walter Modale.
Savings & Loan Crisis
Savings and loans companies were given ability to raise interest rates on deposits and make loans
Iran-Contra Affair
(RR) Americans kidnapped in Beirut by Iranian govt, so deal, scandal including arms sales to the Middle East in order to send money to help the Contras in Nicaragua even though Congress had objected, Poindexter and North involved
Election of 1988
The election in which George Bush (R) defeats Michael Dukakis (D), Bush was Reagans former vice president of the United States
George H. W. Bush
(1989-1993) , President after Reagan, was in precidency when the Cold War ended and when Sadam Hussein invaded Kuwait, he also sent troops to Iran which started the Persian Gulf war.
Taxes
A compulsory contribution to state revenue, levied by the government on workers' income and business profits or added to the cost of some goods, services, and transactions
1990 Recession
Bush inherited the federal deficit of Reagan. The recession temporarily hurt Bush's approval ratings.
Panama Invasion 1989
Ordered by Bush in December 1989 to remove the autocratic General Manuel Noriega. The said purpose of the invasion was to stop Noriega from using the country as a "drug pipeline" to the US.
Manuel Noriega
Leader of the Panamanian Defense Forces, Noriega supplied information to the CIA during the Bush administration, but was indicted in 1988 for drug and other charges and eventually captured and convicted after a military standoff with U.S. troops in Panama.
First Gulf War
In 1991 was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of approximately 30 nations led by the United States and mandated by the United Nations in order to liberate Kuwait.
Saddam Hussein
As president of Iraq, Saddam maintained power through the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) and the first Persian Gulf War (1991). During these conflicts, Saddam repressed movements he deemed threatening to the stability of Iraq, particularly Shi'a and Kurdish movements seeking to overthrow the government or gain independence, respectively. While he remained a popular hero among many disaffected Arabs everywhere for standing up to the West and for his support for the Palestinians, U.S. leaders continued to view Saddam with deep suspicion following the 1991 Persian Gulf War.
Kuwait
1990 Iraq invades this country. UN imposes sanctions that continue to hobble Iraq's economy in effort to force Iraqi compliance with weapons resolutions.
Election of 1992
Bill Clinton won over George H.W. Bush because of the economy's problems and the solving of foreign policy problems, Bush's greatest strength.
Ross Perot
This billionaire was a third-party candidate in the 1992 presidential election won 19 percent of the popular vote. His strong showing that year demonstrated voter disaffection with the two major parties.
Bill Clinton
42nd President advocated economic and healthcare reform; second president to be impeached
Whitewater Affair
charges that President Clinton had engaged in improper business transactions before becoming President
Budget Plan
Total fees, balance after deductions of down payments, amount to be financed, number of payments,amount of payments, and date due each month
NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)
an import trade agreement creating a huge zone of cooperation on trade and economic issues in North America
GATT (General Agreement on Trade & Tariffs)
This provided cooperative environment in which nations could negotiate reduction of trade barriers among themselves
Health Care Reform
1993-1994; during Clinton's presidency, Dems were also in control of congress but his major health plan was going to fail so he withdrew it; even when non-divided government, president can still fail
Bosnia
Southern Slavic nation seeking independence; annexation by Austria-Hungary creates war in the Balkans; housed parade that killed Ferdinand
Newt Gingrich & Republican Resurgence
The Republicans had their first major comeback since Nixon
Government Shutdowns
suspension of all nonessential action by the government in 1995-6; due to Republican refusal to support interim funding, Republicans blamed by public
Election of 1996
Bill Clinton ran against Dole and Perot. Clinton emerged as the winner with 379 electoral votes and 49% of the popular vote.
Robert Dole
senator from Kansas, republican, election of 1996, VP nominee who lost to Walter Mondale
Welfare Reform
Ended guarantees of federal aid to children, turned over programs such programs to states, food stamp spending cut, added five year limit on payments to any family.
Minimum Wage Act
A general minimum hourly wage. A separate minimum wage for age 18-21. Piece-rate pay must receive at least minimum wage.
Budget Surplus
An excess of tax revenue over government spending
Monica Lewinsky
White House intern whose affair with Bill Clinton led to his impeachment
Kenneth Starr
prosecutor against Clinton in the Lewinsky scandal
Impeachment of Clinton
Kenneth Starr charges Clinton with lying under oath, obstruction of justice, witness tampering, and abuse of power in response to the Monica Lewinsky affair; however, Clinton's popularity and presidential performance won him acquittal in a Senate trial
Kosovo & NATO
The intervention of NATO in Kosovo was strictly on humanitarian grounds.
Election of 2000
Bush v. Gore; Bush won although Gore won popular vote; controversy over the final vote count in Florida; settled by Supreme Court decision in favor of Bush
George W. Bush
1946 - 43rd president of the US who began a campaign toward energy self-sufficiency and against terrorism in 2001
Al Gore, Jr.
President Clinton's vice president; ran against G. W. Bush in 2000 presidential election
Bush v. Gore (2000)
The court ruled that manual recounts of presidential ballots in the Nov. 2000 election could not proceed because inconsistent evaluation standards in different counties violated the equal protection clause. In effect, the ruling meant Bush would win the election.
President George W. Bush
an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States (1989-93). He had previously served as the 43rd Vice President of the United States (1981-89), a congressman, an ambassador, and Director of Central Intelligence.
Tax Cuts
The primary way that President George W. Bush proposed to stimulate the economy in 2001 was with
Karl Rove
White House Deputy Chief of Staff. Also, a very good spin doctor. Known for negative campaign ads; helped Bush get elected. (For once Karl is in house)
Election of 2004
In the legislative election of 2004 over 2000 reformist candidates were vetted from running which in turn led to a crushing defeat for the reformists by the conservatives.
John Kerry
Secretary of State
Economy 1975-present
...
Tech Bubble
A pronounced and unsustainable market rise attributed to increased speculation in technology stocks.
"two tiered economy"
Poor get poorer and the rich get richer
Globalization
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
Microprocessor
integrated circuit semiconductor chip that performs the bulk of the processing and controls the parts of a system
Personal Computer
A personal computer can perform all of its input, processing, output, and storage activities by itself.
Internet
A global network connecting millions of computers, making it possible to exchange information.
World Wide Web
A system for finding information on the Internet through the use of linked documents.
Human Genome Project
An international collaborative effort to map and sequence the DNA of the entire human genome.
AIDS
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Right-to-life Movement
The opposition to abortion spurted this movement. It had large religous backers from the Christian and Catholic churches. The oppostition to this was the Pro-Choice Movement, which highlighted the women's right to choose whether and when to bear a child.
Pro-Choice Movement
Those that were defending a woman's right to choose whether and when to bear children
Islamic Fundamentalism
A movement among many Muslims to return to the fundamentals of Islamic Faith, Life, and Society.
Rise of Terrorism
Many nations are interested in the Mid. East because of the
Sept. 11, 2001
Attack on the twin towers, start of the war on terror
Timothy McVeigh
in 1995, the murrow federal building in oklahoma city was attacked by a large bomb that killed 168 people; the bombing was the act of this extremist
Al Qaeda
Islamist terrorist organization that launched a series of attacks against U.S.
Osama Bin Laden
Arab terrorist who established al-Qaeda (born in 1957)
President George W. Bush
the president during the invasion of both Afghanistan and Iraq
Invasion of Afghanistan
US invaded looking for those responsible for 9/11
Patriot Act (2001)
Law responding to 9/11. Expands anti-terrorist powers (wiretapping, surveillance); 4th Amendment concern for civil liberties.
"Axis of Evil"
Created in 2002 by George W. Bush to show the "bad guys" which include: Iran, Iraq, and N. Korea
Iraq War
War in which US successfully took down a dominating dictator and is currently helping them "get back on their feet".
"No Child Left Behind"
goal is to improve quality of education by holding schools accountable for results
Hurricane Katrina
Considered to be the one crisis of the Bush administrations second term and in is inefficiency to deal with the crisis. It destroyed 80% of New Orleans and more than 1300 people died, while the damages were $150 billion.
Bank Bailout (2008)
Bailed out the failing banks to help with the 08 financial crisis
Election of 2008
Barack Obama vs. John McCain. 365 electoral votes to Obama, 173 electoral votes to McCain
John McCain
This Republican senator was a prisoner of war during the Vietnam War and is seeking the Republican nomination in the 2008 presidential election
Barack Obama
2008; Democrat; first African American president of the US, health care bill; Gulf of Mexico oil spill disaster; economy: huge stimulus package to combat the great recession, is removing troops from Iraq, strengthened numbers in Afghanistan; repeal of Don't Ask Don't Tell; New Start treaty with Russia
Financial Crisis of 2008
the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s.[1] It resulted in the threat of total collapse of large financial institutions, the bailout of banks by national governments, and downturns in stock markets around the world.
President Barack Obama
- the 44th and current President of the United States. He is the first African American to hold the office. Obama previously served as a United States Senator from Illinois, from January 2005 until he resigned after his election to the presidency in November 2008.
Stimulus Package (2009)
Package that helped to halt the 2008 crises
Affordable Care Act (2010)
281-282, Significantly altered health care policy in the United States, and also deeply divided the nation over its expansion of the federal role in health care
Tea Party
A grassroots, very conservative political movement that favors small government