Terms in this set (31)
Where does DNA replication occur?
in the nucleus
Where does transcription occur?
in the nucleus
DNA and RNA are made up of what building block?
What are the three parts of a nucleotide?
phosphates, sugars, and nitrogenous bases
What are the four bases (letters) in DNA?
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, and Guanine
What are the four bases (letters) in RNA?
Adenine, Uracil, Cytosine, and Guanine
What is the sugar in DNA?
What is the sugar in RNA?
What is the shape of DNA?
a double helix
What is the shape of RNA?
In RNA, which base pairs with Adenine?
In DNA, which base pairs with Adenine?
What are the two scientists who built the first 3D DNA model?
Watson and Crick
What is the name of the scientist who made the rules for A-T and C-G?
Which type of RNA carries the message from the nucleus to the ribosomes?
Which type of RNA carries amino acids to the ribosomes?
What type of RNA is the ribosome made of?
Nucleic acids are made of subunits known as this.
When does DNA replication occur?
S phase of interphase
What contains codons?
Every codon codes for one of these building blocks of protein.
Which enzyme unwinds the DNA and breaks hydrogen bonds during replication?
Which enzyme adds free floating nucleotides during replication?
Which enzyme adds free floating nucleotides during transcription?
In transcription, what is the name of the DNA strand that is used? The one that is not used?
used: sense strand
not used: nonsense strand
What carries the anticodon?
Where does translation occur?
in the cytoplasm (ribosomes)
Translation will continue until this is reached.
If a sequence of codons is ACG, what would the anticodon be?
What bond forms between amino acids?
If a sequence of DNA is ATGAC, what would the RNA sequence transcribed from it be?
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