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19 terms

Anthro Chapter 2

chapter 2 vocab
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Enculturation
process by which culture is learned and transmitted across the generations
Symbols
something, verbal or nonverbal, that stands for something else
Psychic Unity of Mankind
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Agency
actions that individuals take alone and in groups in forming and transforming cultural identities
National culture
cultural features shared by citizens of the same nation
International culture
cultural traditions that extend beyond national boundaries
Subcultures
identifiable cultural patterns existing within a larger culture
Ethnocentrism
tendency to view one's own culture as superior and to use one's own standards and values in judging outsiders
Diffusion
borrowing of traits between cultures
Acculturation
exchange of features that results when groups come into continuous firsthand contact
independent invention
process by which humans innovate, creatively finding solutions to problems
Globalization
series of processes that work to make modern nations and people increasingly interlinked and mutually dependent
Core values
key, basic or central values that integrate a culture
Universal
something that exists in very culture
generality
culture pattern or trait that exists in some but not all societies
particularity
distinctive or unique culture trait, pattern, or integration
Cultural relativism
idea that to know another culture requires full understanding of its members' beliefs and motivations
human rights
rights based on justice and morality beyond and superior to particular countries, cultures, and religions
Cultural rights
rights vested in religious and ethnic minorities and indigenous societies