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A pattern of similar phrases or clauses used in different parts of a writing to achieve an affect (make the writing more persuasive, powerful, etc...)
Preview of Main Points
A Sentence that tells the reader the main ideas of the essay that are coming up
Repetitive use of same-sounding CONSONANTS in successive phrases, clauses, or sentences..
Repetitive use of the same WORDS at the BEGINNINGs of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences.
Repetitive use of the same WORDS at the ENDINGs of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences.
repeating a word, phrase or clause for emphasis and/or persuasive power "Let freedom ring...let freedom ring...let freedom ring."
the repetition of similar words, phrases, clauses, rhythm, or rhyme, to build persuasive power(to win over the audience)
any group of words with both a subject and verb (and usually the stuff around the verb, which--when combined with the verb, are called the verb phrase)
a clause that is worded in such a way that it cannot stand by itself even though it HAS a subject and a verb
a phrase that refers to a noun, usually in the middle of a sentence, set off by commas or dashes
inverted syntax or inversion
when the subject and verb are in reverse order for effect "Cheese, I like."
the epistemology which values equal argument, fairness, and dueling points of view
the style of thinking that values seeing both sides of everything--and valuing both sides in an argument
Moving from large assumptions to smaller truths; (e.g. All men mortal->Socrates is mortal; morality; religion)
Moving from smallish evidence to larger conclusions(e.g. statistics; generalizations, evidence, criminology)
when one intends to speak of an object but just mentions a term linked to it(the Oval Office for President; a badge for a policeman)
when the subject is being acted upon in the sentence:
The Gorilla Was Beaten by the Cheetah. (Was beaten)
When parts of something are referred to but the intended meaning is the whole object not just the part. "All hands on deck."-->Means all people on deck, not just their hands.
a break from the discussion to address a person or personified thing, either present or not present. "O life, hear me."
repetition of a word or phrase after an intervening word or phrase as a method of emphasis:
•We will do it, I tell you; we will do it.
reversing the order of repeated words or phrases (a loosely chiastic structure, AB-BA) to intensify the final formulation, to present alternatives, or to show contrast:
Do you play to work or work to play?
when the main clause ends in a comma and any number of words that are unessential follow after the comma
when the main clause is witheld until the end of the sentence, or it can also be that the main clause is interrupted
the main clause or the most important part of the sentence comes at the very end to create suspense or surprise.(Usually of a long sentence) "Over the sands, over the seas, through the forests, through time and space, I traveled."
long phrases and clauses in sentences; long sentences that hold meaning and slowly carve the meaning to the audience
slippery slope argument
an argument that incorrectly says one event will lead to other unrelated terrible events(not doing homework will lead to drugs); the error is that one does not necessarily lead to another
a humorous imitation of another, usually serious, work, imitating the tone, language, and shape of the original.(From Satire Set)
a reversal of position, order, form, or relationship(usually humorous to show how silly or ridiculous that thing being made fun of is normally)[From Satire Set}
the literary art of ridiculing something in order to expose or correct it ..(You must know this)
a boldly exaggerated statement or "overstatement" that adds emphasis but is not intended to be literally true. For ex: "He was larger than a Buick.".(From Satire Set)
a form of sneering criticism in which disapproval is often expressed as ironic praise."Oh of course we loved the homework."(From Satire)
A play on words that relies on a word's having more than one meaning or sounding like another word. "He said puck you, and go to pudruckers!".(From Satire)
a figure of speech that says less than is intended, usually for comic or ironic effect."I only slightly disenjoy being stabbed to death on my wedding day.".(From Satire)
when someone says or does the opposite of what is expected (--in satire this is used often to ridicule something or someone)
occurs when there is a discrepancy between what is expected to happen and what actually happens.(From Satire)
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