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Elementary Education Math Praxis
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Gravity
Key Concepts:
Terms in this set (95)
the process of combining two or more numbers
addition
contain numbers, variables, and mathematical expression
Algebraic expression
A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem.
Algorithm
formed by two rays with a common endpoint
angles
the size of a surface measured in square unites
area
(also called the box method) a nontraditional approach to multiplication that promotes understanding of place value
area model
a pictorial representation of a multiplication problem
arrays
in multiplication and addition, the way numbers are grouped in parentheses does not matter (a+b)+c=c+(a+b)
associative property
a graph that uses lengths of rectangles to show data
bar graph
the numbering system where each digit is worth 10 times as much as the digit to the right of it
base 10
are two algebraic expressions of two terms. The FOIL method is one way to multiply binomials.
binomials
(also called box and whiskers plots) data is shown using the mdian and range of a data set
box plots
a pie chart where each "piece" demonstrates a quantity
circle graphs
in multiplication and addition,the order of numbers, the order of the numbers on each side of the equaition does noth matter: ab=ba
commutative property
a natural number by greater than 1
composite numbers
the plane containing the x axis and y axis
coordinate plane
units of measurements used in the United states
customary units
Numbers to the left of the decimal point are whole numbers; numbers to the right of the decimal point are fractions with denominators of only 10, 100, 1,000, 10,000, etc
decimals
The bottom number in a fraction
DENOMINATOR
variables whose value depends on other varibles
dependent variables
any numbers 0-9
digits
a(b + c) = ab + ac multiplication over addition
distributive properties
a number that is being divided by another number
dividends
splitting a number into equal parts
division
the numbers by which another number is divided
divisors
A GRAPHICAL DISPLAY DATA USING DOTS
dot plots
bar graphs that present more than one type of data
double bar graphs
a line graph tjat presents more than one type of data
double line graphs
algebraic expressions that use an equal sign
equations
a close prediction that involves minor calulations
estimation
breaking up a number by the value of each digit
expand form
The number that is small and raised to show how many times to multiply the number by itself.
exponents
numbers that are multipy with each other
factors
gemotric forms made of points, lines or planes
figures
An arithmetical expression used to calculate values
formulas
a number that expresses parts of a whole or a group
fractions
a relationship between input and output
functions
bar graphs showing continuous data over time
histogram
two mathematical quantities that are not equal to each other
inequalities
value that determine the value of other varibles
independent variables
positive or negative whole numbers that are not fractions or decimals
integer
an operation that reverse another operation
inverse operations
measurement of something from one end to end
length
and equation that results in a straight line when graphed
linear equations
a graph that uses points connected by lines to show data
line graphs
a part of a line that connects two points
line segements
one-dimensional geometric shape that is infinitely long
lines
the amount of matter in an object
mass
the average
mean
include mean, median, and mode
measures of center
the number in the middle when the data set is arranged from least to greatest
median
a term that is used for any calculation that you can do in your head
mental math
units of measurement based on the metric system
metric units
the most frequency
mode
a mathematical representation of the real world
moels
the product of two whole numbers
multiples
repeated addition of the same number itself
multiplication
numbers used when counting; do not include 0, fractions, or decimals
natural numbers
the shape of a flattened three-dimension object
nets
the top number in a fraction
numerator
only having length
one -demensianl
the order in which operations in an expression to be evaluated are carried out. 1. parentheses 2. exponets 3. multiplication and divison 4. addition and subtraction
order of operation
A pair of numbers that can be used to locate a point on a coordinate plane.
order pairs
The point where the two axes intersect at their zero points
origin
an extreme deviation from the mean
outlier
lines that remain the same distnance apart over their entire length and never cross
parallel lines
a part of a whole coneyed per 100
percentages
distance around a two dimensional shape
perimeter
lines that cross at a 9 degree anle
perendicular lines
The value of a digit based on its position within a number
place value
TWO-DIMENSIONAL SHAPES that have three or more STRAIGHT SIDES
polygons
a number which can only be divided by itself and 1
prime numbers
the likelihood of something happening
probability
the results of multiplying two or more numbers
product
the four areas of dividing one number into another
quadrants
the difference between the highest number and the lowest number in a data set
range
a comparison of two things
ratios
a number that can be made by dividing two integers; includes fractions and terminating or repating decimals
rational numbers
a shape that starts at one point and goes infinitely in ne direction
rays
making common sense
reasonables
the number that is left over when one number does not divide evenly in another
remainder
simplifying a number to any given place value
rounding
a graph of plotted points that compares two data sets
rounding
three-dimensional objects
solids
the study of data
statistics
the sum of the areas of all sides of a three-dimensional object
surface area
creating patterns through the tiling of polygons
tessellations
two sets if data that show a pattern
trends
having length ad width
two dinebioal
a fraction where the numerator is 1
unit fractions
the ratio of two measurements in which the second term is 1
unit rates
counting numbers, including 0, that are not fractions or decimals
whole numbers
the amount of space that an object occupies as measured in cubic units
volume
horizontal position on a graph where y=0
x-axis
vertical position on a graph where x=0
y-axis
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